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The E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Mind Bomb 1 Controls Adenovirus Genome Release at the Nuclear Pore Complex


Bauer, Michael; Flatt, Justin W; Seiler, Daria; Cardel, Bettina; Emmenlauer, Mario; Boucke, Karin; Suomalainen, Maarit; Hemmi, Silvio; Greber, Urs F (2019). The E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Mind Bomb 1 Controls Adenovirus Genome Release at the Nuclear Pore Complex. Cell Reports, 29(12):3785-3795.e8.

Abstract

Adenoviruses (AdVs) cause respiratory, ocular, and gastrointestinal tract infection and inflammation in immunocompetent people and life-threatening disease upon immunosuppression. AdV vectors are widely used in gene therapy and vaccination. Incoming particles attach to nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) of post-mitotic cells, then rupture and deliver viral DNA (vDNA) to the nucleus or misdeliver to the cytosol. Our genome-wide RNAi screen in AdV-infected cells identified the RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligase Mind bomb 1 (Mib1) as a proviral host factor for AdV infection. Mib1 is implicated in Notch-Delta signaling, ciliary biogenesis, and RNA innate immunity. Mib1 depletion arrested incoming AdVs at NPCs. Induced expression of full-length but not ligase-defective Mib1 in knockout cells triggered vDNA uncoating from NPC-tethered virions, nuclear import, misdelivery of vDNA, and vDNA expression. Mib1 is an essential host factor for AdV uncoating in human cells, and it provides a new concept for licensing virion DNA delivery through the NPC.

Abstract

Adenoviruses (AdVs) cause respiratory, ocular, and gastrointestinal tract infection and inflammation in immunocompetent people and life-threatening disease upon immunosuppression. AdV vectors are widely used in gene therapy and vaccination. Incoming particles attach to nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) of post-mitotic cells, then rupture and deliver viral DNA (vDNA) to the nucleus or misdeliver to the cytosol. Our genome-wide RNAi screen in AdV-infected cells identified the RING-type E3 ubiquitin ligase Mind bomb 1 (Mib1) as a proviral host factor for AdV infection. Mib1 is implicated in Notch-Delta signaling, ciliary biogenesis, and RNA innate immunity. Mib1 depletion arrested incoming AdVs at NPCs. Induced expression of full-length but not ligase-defective Mib1 in knockout cells triggered vDNA uncoating from NPC-tethered virions, nuclear import, misdelivery of vDNA, and vDNA expression. Mib1 is an essential host factor for AdV uncoating in human cells, and it provides a new concept for licensing virion DNA delivery through the NPC.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Language:English
Date:1 December 2019
Deposited On:14 Jan 2020 11:48
Last Modified:17 Jan 2020 06:39
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:2211-1247
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.11.064

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