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The conserved Myc box 2 and Myc box 3 regions are important, but not essential, for Myc function in vivo


Schwinkendorf, D; Gallant, P (2009). The conserved Myc box 2 and Myc box 3 regions are important, but not essential, for Myc function in vivo. Gene, 436(1-2):90-100.

Abstract

Myc proto-oncoproteins are important regulators of growth and proliferation in development. Their functions have been evolutionarily conserved from insects to vertebrates, although the sequence conservation is limited to a few short domains. Here, we analyze the requirement for the most highly conserved domains, called Myc boxes 2 and 3 (MB2 and MB3), and for the weakly conserved N-terminus for the biological activity of the single Drosophila Myc protein in the animal in vivo. We find that a Myc mutant lacking the N-terminus retains very little activity, whereas Myc transgenes carrying a deletion of MB3 have a moderately increased ability to promote growth and apoptosis; mutation of MB2 reduces transcriptional output and the biological activities of Myc. Surprisingly though, Myc without MB2 retains enough activity to partially rescue the lethality of a Myc null mutation. Thus, although MB2 and MB3 are highly conserved in evolution, loss of either domain has comparatively
mild consequences on Myc activity in vivo.

Abstract

Myc proto-oncoproteins are important regulators of growth and proliferation in development. Their functions have been evolutionarily conserved from insects to vertebrates, although the sequence conservation is limited to a few short domains. Here, we analyze the requirement for the most highly conserved domains, called Myc boxes 2 and 3 (MB2 and MB3), and for the weakly conserved N-terminus for the biological activity of the single Drosophila Myc protein in the animal in vivo. We find that a Myc mutant lacking the N-terminus retains very little activity, whereas Myc transgenes carrying a deletion of MB3 have a moderately increased ability to promote growth and apoptosis; mutation of MB2 reduces transcriptional output and the biological activities of Myc. Surprisingly though, Myc without MB2 retains enough activity to partially rescue the lethality of a Myc null mutation. Thus, although MB2 and MB3 are highly conserved in evolution, loss of either domain has comparatively
mild consequences on Myc activity in vivo.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Zoology (former)
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Genetics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Drosophila, genetics, development, growth, cancer, apoptosis, transcription, Myc
Language:English
Date:1 May 2009
Deposited On:24 Mar 2009 14:19
Last Modified:06 Jul 2024 03:38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0378-1119
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2009.02.009
PubMed ID:19248823