The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the behavior of osteoblasts on titanium discs under different concentrations of enamel matrix derivatives (EMD) and dentin matrix derivative (DMD).
MATERIALS AND METHODS MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells were cultivated on coated titanium SLA discs with EMD or DMD at 100 μg/ml, 1 mg/ml, 10 mg/ml and 30 mg/ml or left uncoated. Cell viability, proliferation, adhesion and migration were assessed respectively with MTT, BrdU, DAPI and scratch wound healing assays. Messenger ribonucleic acid of different genes related to osteoblastic differentiation was quantified by means of real-time quantitative PCR. Data were analyzed using student t-test for adhesion and migration assay and ANOVA for proliferation assay (p < 0.05).
BrdU incorporation was found in proliferative osteoblasts for both test solutions at all concentrations. Osteoblast migrated and covered approximately 70% of the wound area observed at time zero when exposed to EMD and DMD to all concentrations. The increase of gene expression was dependent on the concentration enhancement of EMD and DMD. Higher concentrations showed proliferation augmentation if compared to lower concentrations.
Roughness surface of Ti SLA can limit cell adhesion independent of the presence EMD or DMD. DMD enhances cell migration of osteoblasts on SLA titanium implants in a concentration-dependent manner.