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Impact of a goal-directed factor-based coagulation management on thromboembolic events following major trauma


Stein, Anais L; Rössler, Julian; Braun, Julia; Sprengel, Kai; Beeler, Patrick E; Spahn, Donat R; Kaserer, Alexander; Stein, Philipp (2019). Impact of a goal-directed factor-based coagulation management on thromboembolic events following major trauma. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 27:117.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

A factor-based coagulation management following major trauma is recommended as standard of care by the European Trauma Treatment Guidelines. However, concerns about the thromboembolic risk of this approach are still prevalent. Our study therefore aims to assess if such a haemostatic management is associated with an increased risk for thromboembolic events.

METHODS

In this retrospective observational study carried out at the University Hospital Zurich we compared two three-year periods before (period 1: 2005-2007) and after (period 2: 2012-2014) implementation of a factor-based coagulation algorithm. We included all adult patients following major trauma primarily admitted to the University Hospital Zurich. Thromboembolic events were defined as a new in-hospital appearance of any peripheral thrombosis, arterial embolism, pulmonary embolism, stroke or myocardial infarction. A logistic regression was performed to investigate the association of thromboembolic events with possible confounders such as age, sex, specific Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) subgroups, allogeneic blood products, and the coagulation management.

RESULTS

Out of 1138 patients, 772 met the inclusion criteria: 344 patients in period 1 and 428 patients in period 2. Thromboembolic events were present in 25 patients (7.3%) of period 1 and in 42 patients (9.8%) of period 2 (raw OR 1.39, 95% CI 0.83 to 2.33, p = 0.21). Only AIS extremities (adjusted OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.52, p = 0.015) and exposure to allogeneic blood products (adjusted OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.33 to 4.30, p = 0.004) were independently associated with thromboembolic events in the logistic regression, but the factor-based coagulation management was not (adjusted OR 1.60, 95% CI 0.90-2.86, p = 0.11).

CONCLUSION

There is no evidence that a goal-directed, factor-based coagulation management is associated with an increased risk for thromboembolic events following major trauma.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

A factor-based coagulation management following major trauma is recommended as standard of care by the European Trauma Treatment Guidelines. However, concerns about the thromboembolic risk of this approach are still prevalent. Our study therefore aims to assess if such a haemostatic management is associated with an increased risk for thromboembolic events.

METHODS

In this retrospective observational study carried out at the University Hospital Zurich we compared two three-year periods before (period 1: 2005-2007) and after (period 2: 2012-2014) implementation of a factor-based coagulation algorithm. We included all adult patients following major trauma primarily admitted to the University Hospital Zurich. Thromboembolic events were defined as a new in-hospital appearance of any peripheral thrombosis, arterial embolism, pulmonary embolism, stroke or myocardial infarction. A logistic regression was performed to investigate the association of thromboembolic events with possible confounders such as age, sex, specific Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) subgroups, allogeneic blood products, and the coagulation management.

RESULTS

Out of 1138 patients, 772 met the inclusion criteria: 344 patients in period 1 and 428 patients in period 2. Thromboembolic events were present in 25 patients (7.3%) of period 1 and in 42 patients (9.8%) of period 2 (raw OR 1.39, 95% CI 0.83 to 2.33, p = 0.21). Only AIS extremities (adjusted OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.52, p = 0.015) and exposure to allogeneic blood products (adjusted OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.33 to 4.30, p = 0.004) were independently associated with thromboembolic events in the logistic regression, but the factor-based coagulation management was not (adjusted OR 1.60, 95% CI 0.90-2.86, p = 0.11).

CONCLUSION

There is no evidence that a goal-directed, factor-based coagulation management is associated with an increased risk for thromboembolic events following major trauma.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Department of Trauma Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:30 December 2019
Deposited On:16 Jan 2020 09:04
Last Modified:16 Jan 2020 09:05
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1757-7241
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-019-0697-0
PubMed ID:31888722

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