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What consideration sets can teach us about electoral competition: a two-hurdle model


Steenbergen, Marco R; Willi, Thomas (2019). What consideration sets can teach us about electoral competition: a two-hurdle model. Electoral Studies, 57:263-274.

Abstract

Consideration set models (CSMs) offer a novel way to study electoral behavior. Until now, they have been mostly studied at the micro-level of the voter's decision process. By contrast, we focus on the implications of CSMs for understanding the phenomenon of party competition. We propose a two hurdle model whereby parties compete for both consideration and selection, pursuant the consideration and choice stages of the CSM. We operationalize these hurdles in terms of a party's inclusivity—is it being considered?—and exclusivity—is it considered on its own?—and formally derive lower- and upper-bounds for the electoral fortunes of the party. We also show how consideration set data can be used to sketch the competition landscape in an election and to characterize the system-wide competitiveness of a political system. We illustrate our concepts and ideas using data from the 2010 Dutch and 2014 Swedish parliamentary elections.

Abstract

Consideration set models (CSMs) offer a novel way to study electoral behavior. Until now, they have been mostly studied at the micro-level of the voter's decision process. By contrast, we focus on the implications of CSMs for understanding the phenomenon of party competition. We propose a two hurdle model whereby parties compete for both consideration and selection, pursuant the consideration and choice stages of the CSM. We operationalize these hurdles in terms of a party's inclusivity—is it being considered?—and exclusivity—is it considered on its own?—and formally derive lower- and upper-bounds for the electoral fortunes of the party. We also show how consideration set data can be used to sketch the competition landscape in an election and to characterize the system-wide competitiveness of a political system. We illustrate our concepts and ideas using data from the 2010 Dutch and 2014 Swedish parliamentary elections.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Political Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Political Science and International Relations
Uncontrolled Keywords:consideration set models, party competition, political parties, social networks
Language:English
Date:February 2019
Deposited On:07 Jan 2020 09:28
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 12:43
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0261-3794
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2018.08.004
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100017_179027
  • : Project TitleConsideration Sets, Vote Choice, and Party Competition:Exploring a New Theory of Elections

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