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Predictors of Successful Ultrasound Guided Femoral Vein Cannulation in Electrophysiological Procedures


De Sensi, Francesco; Miracapillo, Gennaro; Addonisio, Luigi; Breschi, Marco; Scalese, Marco; Cresti, Alberto; Paneni, Francesco; Limbruno, Ugo (2018). Predictors of Successful Ultrasound Guided Femoral Vein Cannulation in Electrophysiological Procedures. Journal of Atrial Fibrillation, 11(3):2083.

Abstract

Background
Vascular complications are frequently reported after electrophysiological (EP) procedures. Ultrasound (US) guidance during femoral vein cannulation has shown to reduce vascular damage related to unsuccessful attempts.The aim of our study is to define, under ultrasound guidance,anatomical and technical predictors of successful femoral vein cannulation in a cohort of patients undergoing EP.
Material and Methods
From December 2015 to January 2018, 192 patients (mean age 63,1±15,9 years, M:F=118:74) undergoing EP were enrolled in the study. US-guided approach to femoral vessels cannulation was used in all subjects by four untrained operators. Femoral vein and artery depths and diameters were measured in all patients. Unsuccessful attempts (UA) and time to successful cannulation (TSC) were also calculated.
Results
Vein and artery depths correlated with body weight (r=0.38 and 0.39, p=0.00), body mass index (r=0.53 and 0.50, p=0.00), and body surface area (r=0.25 and 0.28, p=0.00). Interestingly, the number of UA)positively correlated with vein depth (r=0.23, p=0.01 for the right side and r=0.33, p=0.00 for the left side). Linear regression analysis showed that both vein depth (ß=0.42, p=0.001) andoperator training(ß= -0.75,p=0.00)were independently associated with UA.
Conclusion
Anthropometric features, namely BMI and BSA, may provide information about femoral vein/artery anatomy in patients undergoing EP procedures. Patients with high BMI have deeper and larger veins, however only vein depth is a determinant of successful cannulation. Numbers of UA and TSC significantly decrease with operators training.

Abstract

Background
Vascular complications are frequently reported after electrophysiological (EP) procedures. Ultrasound (US) guidance during femoral vein cannulation has shown to reduce vascular damage related to unsuccessful attempts.The aim of our study is to define, under ultrasound guidance,anatomical and technical predictors of successful femoral vein cannulation in a cohort of patients undergoing EP.
Material and Methods
From December 2015 to January 2018, 192 patients (mean age 63,1±15,9 years, M:F=118:74) undergoing EP were enrolled in the study. US-guided approach to femoral vessels cannulation was used in all subjects by four untrained operators. Femoral vein and artery depths and diameters were measured in all patients. Unsuccessful attempts (UA) and time to successful cannulation (TSC) were also calculated.
Results
Vein and artery depths correlated with body weight (r=0.38 and 0.39, p=0.00), body mass index (r=0.53 and 0.50, p=0.00), and body surface area (r=0.25 and 0.28, p=0.00). Interestingly, the number of UA)positively correlated with vein depth (r=0.23, p=0.01 for the right side and r=0.33, p=0.00 for the left side). Linear regression analysis showed that both vein depth (ß=0.42, p=0.001) andoperator training(ß= -0.75,p=0.00)were independently associated with UA.
Conclusion
Anthropometric features, namely BMI and BSA, may provide information about femoral vein/artery anatomy in patients undergoing EP procedures. Patients with high BMI have deeper and larger veins, however only vein depth is a determinant of successful cannulation. Numbers of UA and TSC significantly decrease with operators training.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Molecular Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:31 October 2018
Deposited On:21 Jan 2020 12:42
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 12:53
Publisher:CardioFront
ISSN:1941-6911
OA Status:Green
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4022/jafib.2083
PubMed ID:31139278

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