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Coronary artery bypass confers intermediate-term survival benefit over percutaneous coronary intervention with new-generation stents in real-world patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, including left main disease: a retrospective analysis of 6383 patients


Panoulas, Vasileios F; Ilsley, Charles J; Kalogeras, Konstantinos; Khan, Habib; Monteagudo Vela, Maria; Dalby, Miles; Kabir, Tito; Smith, Robert D; Mason, Mark; Grocott-Mason, Richard; Cummings, Ian; Lüscher, Thomas F; Raja, Shahzad G (2019). Coronary artery bypass confers intermediate-term survival benefit over percutaneous coronary intervention with new-generation stents in real-world patients with multivessel coronary artery disease, including left main disease: a retrospective analysis of 6383 patients. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 56(5):911-918.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The intermediate-term all-cause mortality rate of real-world patients with multivessel disease (MVD) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with new-generation drug-eluting stents or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains unknown. We sought to compare the intermediate-term all-cause mortality rates of real-world patients with MVD including left main stem disease, treated with CABG or PCI.

METHODS

All consecutive all-comer patients with MVD undergoing CABG or PCI with second/third generation drug-eluting stents from 2007 to 2015 in Harefield Hospital, UK were included in this study. The revascularization modality was based on heart team discussions. Primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Mean follow-up of the study was 3.3 years. Cox regression analysis and propensity matching were used.

RESULTS

Of 6383 patients with MVD, 4230 underwent CABG, whereas 2153 had PCI with new-generation stents. In the CABG group, the mean age was 66.4 ± 10 years, whereas in the PCI group it was 65.3 ± 12.1 years (P < 0.001). Fewer female patients with MVD were treated with CABG than were treated with PCI (18.5% vs 20.5%; P = 0.026). There was a higher 5-year estimated survival rate among patients having CABG (88% vs 78.3%; Plog-rank < 0.001). The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for PCI over CABG was 1.74 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.41-2.16; P < 0.001]. A total of 653 patients having CABG and 653 having PCI were included in the propensity-matched groups. At mean follow-up, PCI was associated with a higher adjusted HR for all-cause mortality (2.18, 95% CI 1.54-3.1; P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

In this contemporary cohort of real-world patients with MVD, CABG was associated with increased intermediate-term survival compared to PCI with new-generation drug-eluting stents.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The intermediate-term all-cause mortality rate of real-world patients with multivessel disease (MVD) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with new-generation drug-eluting stents or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains unknown. We sought to compare the intermediate-term all-cause mortality rates of real-world patients with MVD including left main stem disease, treated with CABG or PCI.

METHODS

All consecutive all-comer patients with MVD undergoing CABG or PCI with second/third generation drug-eluting stents from 2007 to 2015 in Harefield Hospital, UK were included in this study. The revascularization modality was based on heart team discussions. Primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Mean follow-up of the study was 3.3 years. Cox regression analysis and propensity matching were used.

RESULTS

Of 6383 patients with MVD, 4230 underwent CABG, whereas 2153 had PCI with new-generation stents. In the CABG group, the mean age was 66.4 ± 10 years, whereas in the PCI group it was 65.3 ± 12.1 years (P < 0.001). Fewer female patients with MVD were treated with CABG than were treated with PCI (18.5% vs 20.5%; P = 0.026). There was a higher 5-year estimated survival rate among patients having CABG (88% vs 78.3%; Plog-rank < 0.001). The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for PCI over CABG was 1.74 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.41-2.16; P < 0.001]. A total of 653 patients having CABG and 653 having PCI were included in the propensity-matched groups. At mean follow-up, PCI was associated with a higher adjusted HR for all-cause mortality (2.18, 95% CI 1.54-3.1; P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

In this contemporary cohort of real-world patients with MVD, CABG was associated with increased intermediate-term survival compared to PCI with new-generation drug-eluting stents.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Molecular Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 November 2019
Deposited On:21 Jan 2020 13:46
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 12:54
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezz142
PubMed ID:31079151

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