The present study involved a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of tongue dorsum biofilms sampled from halitosis patients and healthy volunteers. The aim of the study was to quantify the distribution of Streptococcus spp. and Fusobacterium nucleatum within the oral halitosis biofilm in order to highlight the role of these bacterial members in halitosis. Tongue plaque samples from four halitosis-diagnosed patients and four healthy volunteers were analyzed and compared. The visualization and quantification of the tongue dorsum biofilm was performed combining fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Eubacteria, Streptococcus spp. and Fusobacterium nucleatum were stained using specific fluorescent probes. For a comparison of the two tested biofilm groups the Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used. Morphological analysis by CLSM illustrated the distribution of the species which were tracked. Streptococcus spp. appeared to be enclosed within the samples and always associated to F. nucleatum. Furthermore, compared to the control group the biofilm within the halitosis group contained significantly higher proportions of F. nucleatum and Streptococcus spp., as revealed by the FISH and CLSM-analysis. The total microbial load and relative proportions of F. nucleatum and Streptococcus spp. can be considered as causative factors of halitosis and thus, as potential treatment targets.