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Light Transmittance and Polymerization of Bulk-Fill Composite Materials Doped with Bioactive Micro-Fillers


Dieckmann, Phoebe; Mohn, Dirk; Zehnder, Matthias; Attin, Thomas; Tauböck, Tobias T (2019). Light Transmittance and Polymerization of Bulk-Fill Composite Materials Doped with Bioactive Micro-Fillers. Materials, 12(24):E4087.

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of bioactive micro-fillers on the light transmittance and polymerization of three commercially available bulk-fill resin composites. These were mixed with 20 wt% bioactive glass 45S5, Portland cement, inert dental barium glass, or nothing (controls). Composites were photo-activated and light transmittance through 4 mm thick specimens was measured in real time. Moreover, degree of conversion (DC) and Knoop hardness (KHN) were assessed. Light transmittance of all bulk-fill composites significantly decreased (p < 0.05) with addition of 20 wt% bioactive glass 45S5 but not when inert barium glass was added. For bulk-fill composites modified with Portland cement, light irradiance dropped below the detection limit at 4 mm depth. The DC at the top surface of the specimens was not affected by addition of bioactive or inert micro-fillers. The bottom-to-top ratio of both DC and KHN surpassed 80% for bulk-fill composites modified with 20 wt% bioactive or inert glass fillers but fell below 20% when the composites were modified with Portland cement. In contrast to Portland cement, the addition of 20 wt% bioactive glass maintains adequate polymerization of bulk-fill composites placed at 4 mm thickness, despite a decrease in light transmittance compared to the unmodified materials.

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of bioactive micro-fillers on the light transmittance and polymerization of three commercially available bulk-fill resin composites. These were mixed with 20 wt% bioactive glass 45S5, Portland cement, inert dental barium glass, or nothing (controls). Composites were photo-activated and light transmittance through 4 mm thick specimens was measured in real time. Moreover, degree of conversion (DC) and Knoop hardness (KHN) were assessed. Light transmittance of all bulk-fill composites significantly decreased (p < 0.05) with addition of 20 wt% bioactive glass 45S5 but not when inert barium glass was added. For bulk-fill composites modified with Portland cement, light irradiance dropped below the detection limit at 4 mm depth. The DC at the top surface of the specimens was not affected by addition of bioactive or inert micro-fillers. The bottom-to-top ratio of both DC and KHN surpassed 80% for bulk-fill composites modified with 20 wt% bioactive or inert glass fillers but fell below 20% when the composites were modified with Portland cement. In contrast to Portland cement, the addition of 20 wt% bioactive glass maintains adequate polymerization of bulk-fill composites placed at 4 mm thickness, despite a decrease in light transmittance compared to the unmodified materials.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Materials Science
Language:English
Date:7 December 2019
Deposited On:13 Jan 2020 14:00
Last Modified:22 Apr 2024 01:45
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:1996-1944
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12244087
PubMed ID:31817830
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)