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Changes in left ventricle myocardial volume during stress test using cadmium-zinc-telluride cardiac imaging: Implications in coronary artery disease


Gimelli, Alessia; Pugliese, Nicola Riccardo; Buechel, Ronny R; Bertasi, Michelangelo; Coceani, Michele; Marzullo, Paolo (2019). Changes in left ventricle myocardial volume during stress test using cadmium-zinc-telluride cardiac imaging: Implications in coronary artery disease. Journal of Nuclear Cardiology:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) SPECT allows the estimation of left ventricle myocardial volume (LVMV). We tested the clinical relevance of rest-stress LVMV changes (Δ LVMV) in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD, coronary stenosis > 70%), using CZT-SPECT.

METHODS

We prospectively enrolled 512 consecutive patients with known or suspected CAD (mean age: 70.3 ± 9.2 years, 72% male) for stress-rest myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI, single-day stress-rest protocol). We quantified summed stress scores (SSS), summed rest scores, and summed difference scores, together with LVMV and ejection fraction (EF) after stress and at rest. All patients underwent coronary angiography within 30 days.

RESULTS

Two hundred seventy-two patients had CAD at coronary angiography. ΔLVMV ≤ 5 mL, corresponding to 6% of change from rest LVMV, was the best predictor of CAD (AUC = 0.831, 79% sensitivity, 82% specificity), irrespective of the stress protocol (dipyridamole or exercise stress) and independently of MPI-SSS, LV EF, and clinical history (P = 0.004). Integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) and net reclassification improvement (NRI) were significant for the addition of ΔLVMV ≤ 5 mL (IDI = 6.1%, P < 0.0001; NRI = 29.7%, P = 0.02) to MPI-SSS, whereas the other parameters were not.

CONCLUSIONS

The evaluation of ΔLVMV using CZT-SPECT can improve the diagnostic accuracy in predicting the presence of CAD when added to conventional MPI.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) SPECT allows the estimation of left ventricle myocardial volume (LVMV). We tested the clinical relevance of rest-stress LVMV changes (Δ LVMV) in detecting coronary artery disease (CAD, coronary stenosis > 70%), using CZT-SPECT.

METHODS

We prospectively enrolled 512 consecutive patients with known or suspected CAD (mean age: 70.3 ± 9.2 years, 72% male) for stress-rest myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI, single-day stress-rest protocol). We quantified summed stress scores (SSS), summed rest scores, and summed difference scores, together with LVMV and ejection fraction (EF) after stress and at rest. All patients underwent coronary angiography within 30 days.

RESULTS

Two hundred seventy-two patients had CAD at coronary angiography. ΔLVMV ≤ 5 mL, corresponding to 6% of change from rest LVMV, was the best predictor of CAD (AUC = 0.831, 79% sensitivity, 82% specificity), irrespective of the stress protocol (dipyridamole or exercise stress) and independently of MPI-SSS, LV EF, and clinical history (P = 0.004). Integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) and net reclassification improvement (NRI) were significant for the addition of ΔLVMV ≤ 5 mL (IDI = 6.1%, P < 0.0001; NRI = 29.7%, P = 0.02) to MPI-SSS, whereas the other parameters were not.

CONCLUSIONS

The evaluation of ΔLVMV using CZT-SPECT can improve the diagnostic accuracy in predicting the presence of CAD when added to conventional MPI.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:24 October 2019
Deposited On:06 Feb 2020 08:09
Last Modified:06 Feb 2020 08:10
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1071-3581
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12350-019-01930-6
PubMed ID:31650497

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