Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Early prediction of phenotypic severity in Citrullinemia Type 1


Abstract

Objective
Citrullinemia type 1 (CTLN1) is an inherited metabolic disease affecting the brain which is detectable by newborn screening. The clinical spectrum is highly variable including individuals with lethal hyperammonemic encephalopathy in the newborn period and individuals with a mild‐to‐moderate or asymptomatic disease course. Since the phenotypic severity has not been predictable early during the disease course so far, we aimed to design a reliable disease prediction model.
Methods
We used a newly established mammalian biallelic expression system to determine residual enzymatic activity of argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1; OMIM #215700) in 71 individuals with CTLN1, representing 48 ASS1 gene variants and 50 different, mostly compound heterozygous combinations in total. Residual enzymatic ASS1 activity was correlated to standardized biochemical and clinical endpoints available from the UCDC and E‐IMD databases.
Results
Residual enzymatic ASS1 activity correlates with peak plasma ammonium and L‐citrulline concentrations at initial presentation. Individuals with 8% of residual enzymatic ASS1 activity or less had more frequent and more severe hyperammonemic events and lower cognitive function than those above 8%, highlighting that residual enzymatic ASS1 activity allows reliable severity prediction. Noteworthy, empiric clinical practice of affected individuals is in line with the predicted disease severity supporting the notion of a risk stratification‐based guidance of therapeutic decision‐making based on residual enzymatic ASS1 activity in the future.
Interpretation
Residual enzymatic ASS1 activity reliably predicts the phenotypic severity in CTLN1. We propose a new severity‐adjusted classification system for individuals with CTLN1 based on the activity results of the newly established biallelic expression system.

Abstract

Objective
Citrullinemia type 1 (CTLN1) is an inherited metabolic disease affecting the brain which is detectable by newborn screening. The clinical spectrum is highly variable including individuals with lethal hyperammonemic encephalopathy in the newborn period and individuals with a mild‐to‐moderate or asymptomatic disease course. Since the phenotypic severity has not been predictable early during the disease course so far, we aimed to design a reliable disease prediction model.
Methods
We used a newly established mammalian biallelic expression system to determine residual enzymatic activity of argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1; OMIM #215700) in 71 individuals with CTLN1, representing 48 ASS1 gene variants and 50 different, mostly compound heterozygous combinations in total. Residual enzymatic ASS1 activity was correlated to standardized biochemical and clinical endpoints available from the UCDC and E‐IMD databases.
Results
Residual enzymatic ASS1 activity correlates with peak plasma ammonium and L‐citrulline concentrations at initial presentation. Individuals with 8% of residual enzymatic ASS1 activity or less had more frequent and more severe hyperammonemic events and lower cognitive function than those above 8%, highlighting that residual enzymatic ASS1 activity allows reliable severity prediction. Noteworthy, empiric clinical practice of affected individuals is in line with the predicted disease severity supporting the notion of a risk stratification‐based guidance of therapeutic decision‐making based on residual enzymatic ASS1 activity in the future.
Interpretation
Residual enzymatic ASS1 activity reliably predicts the phenotypic severity in CTLN1. We propose a new severity‐adjusted classification system for individuals with CTLN1 based on the activity results of the newly established biallelic expression system.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
4 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

12 downloads since deposited on 03 Feb 2020
7 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Neuroscience
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Language:English
Date:2019
Deposited On:03 Feb 2020 14:45
Last Modified:11 May 2020 20:02
Publisher:Wiley Open Access
ISSN:2328-9503
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/acn3.50886

Download

Gold Open Access

Download PDF  'Early prediction of phenotypic severity in Citrullinemia Type 1'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 752kB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)