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Consanguineous 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency: Early-onset necrotizing encephalopathy with lethal outcome


Baykal, T; Gokcay, G Huner; Ince, Z; et al; Baumgartner, M R (2005). Consanguineous 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency: Early-onset necrotizing encephalopathy with lethal outcome. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 28(2):229-233.

Abstract

A patient with a severe neonatal variant of 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase (MCC) deficiency is reported. The first child of healthy consanguineous Turkish parents presented on the second day of life with dehydration, cyanosis, no sucking, generalized muscular hypotonia, encephalopathy, respiratory depression requiring mechanic ventilation, macrocephaly, severe acidosis and hypoglycaemia. Elevated C5-OH-carnitine in dried blood spot by tandem MS and elevated urinary excretion of 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid and 3-methylcrotonylglycine suggested MCC deficiency, confirmed by enzyme analysis in cultured fibroblasts. Cerebral ultrasonography and cranial CT findings revealed progressive changes such as disseminated encephalomalacia, cystic changes, ventricular dilatation and cerebral atrophy. Treatment with high-dose biotin and protein-restricted diet was ineffective and the patient died at the age of 33 days with progressive neurological deterioration. Mutation analysis revealed a homozygous mutation in the splice acceptor site of intron 15 in the MCC beta-subunit. Early-onset severe necrotizing encephalopathy should be included in the differential diagnosis of isolated MCC deficiency.

Abstract

A patient with a severe neonatal variant of 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase (MCC) deficiency is reported. The first child of healthy consanguineous Turkish parents presented on the second day of life with dehydration, cyanosis, no sucking, generalized muscular hypotonia, encephalopathy, respiratory depression requiring mechanic ventilation, macrocephaly, severe acidosis and hypoglycaemia. Elevated C5-OH-carnitine in dried blood spot by tandem MS and elevated urinary excretion of 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid and 3-methylcrotonylglycine suggested MCC deficiency, confirmed by enzyme analysis in cultured fibroblasts. Cerebral ultrasonography and cranial CT findings revealed progressive changes such as disseminated encephalomalacia, cystic changes, ventricular dilatation and cerebral atrophy. Treatment with high-dose biotin and protein-restricted diet was ineffective and the patient died at the age of 33 days with progressive neurological deterioration. Mutation analysis revealed a homozygous mutation in the splice acceptor site of intron 15 in the MCC beta-subunit. Early-onset severe necrotizing encephalopathy should be included in the differential diagnosis of isolated MCC deficiency.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:04 Feb 2020 14:23
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 03:45
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0141-8955
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10545-005-4559-8
PubMed ID:15877210

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