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The cblD Defect Causes Either Isolated or Combined Deficiency of Methylcobalamin and Adenosylcobalamin Synthesis


Suormala, Terttu; Baumgartner, Matthias R; Coelho, David; Zavadakova, Petra; Kožich, Viktor; Koch, Hans Georg; Berghaüser, Martin; Wraith, James E; Burlina, Alberto; Sewell, Adrian; Herwig, Jürgen; Fowler, Brian (2004). The cblD Defect Causes Either Isolated or Combined Deficiency of Methylcobalamin and Adenosylcobalamin Synthesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279(41):42742-42749.

Abstract

Intracellular cobalamin is converted to adenosylcobalamin, coenzyme for methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and to methylcobalamin, coenzyme for methionine synthase, in an incompletely understood sequence of reactions. Genetic defects of these steps are defined as cbl complementation groups of which cblC, cblD (described in only two siblings), and cblF are associated with combined homocystinuria and methylmalonic aciduria. Here we describe three unrelated patients belonging to the cblD complementation group but with distinct biochemical phenotypes different from that described in the original cblD siblings. Two patients presented with isolated homocystinuria and reduced formation of methionine and methylcobalamin in cultured fibroblasts, defined as cblD-variant 1, and one patient with isolated methylmalonic aciduria and deficient adenosylcobalamin synthesis in fibroblasts, defined as cblD-variant 2. Cell lines from the cblD-variant 1 patients clearly complemented reference lines with the same biochemical phenotype, i.e. cblE and cblG, and the cblD-variant 2 cell line complemented cells from the mutant classes with isolated deficiency of adenosylcobalamin synthesis, i.e. cblA and cblB. Also, no pathogenic sequence changes in the coding regions of genes associated with the respective biochemical phenotypes were found. These findings indicate heterogeneity within the previously defined cblD mutant class and point to further complexity of intracellular cobalamin metabolism.

Abstract

Intracellular cobalamin is converted to adenosylcobalamin, coenzyme for methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and to methylcobalamin, coenzyme for methionine synthase, in an incompletely understood sequence of reactions. Genetic defects of these steps are defined as cbl complementation groups of which cblC, cblD (described in only two siblings), and cblF are associated with combined homocystinuria and methylmalonic aciduria. Here we describe three unrelated patients belonging to the cblD complementation group but with distinct biochemical phenotypes different from that described in the original cblD siblings. Two patients presented with isolated homocystinuria and reduced formation of methionine and methylcobalamin in cultured fibroblasts, defined as cblD-variant 1, and one patient with isolated methylmalonic aciduria and deficient adenosylcobalamin synthesis in fibroblasts, defined as cblD-variant 2. Cell lines from the cblD-variant 1 patients clearly complemented reference lines with the same biochemical phenotype, i.e. cblE and cblG, and the cblD-variant 2 cell line complemented cells from the mutant classes with isolated deficiency of adenosylcobalamin synthesis, i.e. cblA and cblB. Also, no pathogenic sequence changes in the coding regions of genes associated with the respective biochemical phenotypes were found. These findings indicate heterogeneity within the previously defined cblD mutant class and point to further complexity of intracellular cobalamin metabolism.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > Cell Biology
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:04 Feb 2020 14:26
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 03:45
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m407733200
PubMed ID:15292234

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