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Modified full-thickness resection of a small subepithelial tumor with the help of a corkscrew


Morell, Bernhard; Murray, Fritz Ruprecht; The, Frans Olivier; Bütikofer, Simon; Gubler, Christoph (2019). Modified full-thickness resection of a small subepithelial tumor with the help of a corkscrew. Endoscopy:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

With the advent of endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR), small subepithelial tumors (SETs) became easily resectable both in upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. Several studies have suggested that complete resection of SETs is achievable in the vast majority of cases and severe complications occur only rarely [1]. Whereas technical success in the case of mucosal or submucosal lesions is easy to accomplish, for tumors arising from the muscularis propria, an R0 resection is more difficult to achieve by EFTR [1]. Grasping these lesions with the Twin Grasper may lead to tenting of the mucosa and submucosa, which in turn leads to incomplete removal of the SET. To overcome this technical problem, we herein present the feasibility of EFTR using a tissue-retracting helix device that was originally designed as part of the OverStitch endoscopic suturing system (Apollo Endosurgery Inc., Austin, Texas, USA).
We describe the case of a 75-year-old patient who was referred for removal of an incidental SET in the proximal gastric corpus. Endosonography suggested a small gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) ([Fig. 1]). After the lesion had been marked ([Fig. 2 a]), the gastroduodenal EFTR device (Ovesco, Tübingen, Germany) was mounted onto the endoscope and the helix device was advanced through the working channel. Once the endoscope was centered over the lesion, it was gradually punctured with the helix; the device was then manually rotated (like a corkscrew), resulting in tissue approximation. After this “fixation” procedure, it was easy to retract the lesion into the cap using gentle suction. The SET was then resected in the usual fashion, with adequate closure of the resection site ([Fig. 2 b]; [Video 1]). The resected specimen ([Fig. 3]) was shown histologically to be a completely resected leiomyoma.

Abstract

With the advent of endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR), small subepithelial tumors (SETs) became easily resectable both in upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. Several studies have suggested that complete resection of SETs is achievable in the vast majority of cases and severe complications occur only rarely [1]. Whereas technical success in the case of mucosal or submucosal lesions is easy to accomplish, for tumors arising from the muscularis propria, an R0 resection is more difficult to achieve by EFTR [1]. Grasping these lesions with the Twin Grasper may lead to tenting of the mucosa and submucosa, which in turn leads to incomplete removal of the SET. To overcome this technical problem, we herein present the feasibility of EFTR using a tissue-retracting helix device that was originally designed as part of the OverStitch endoscopic suturing system (Apollo Endosurgery Inc., Austin, Texas, USA).
We describe the case of a 75-year-old patient who was referred for removal of an incidental SET in the proximal gastric corpus. Endosonography suggested a small gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) ([Fig. 1]). After the lesion had been marked ([Fig. 2 a]), the gastroduodenal EFTR device (Ovesco, Tübingen, Germany) was mounted onto the endoscope and the helix device was advanced through the working channel. Once the endoscope was centered over the lesion, it was gradually punctured with the helix; the device was then manually rotated (like a corkscrew), resulting in tissue approximation. After this “fixation” procedure, it was easy to retract the lesion into the cap using gentle suction. The SET was then resected in the usual fashion, with adequate closure of the resection site ([Fig. 2 b]; [Video 1]). The resected specimen ([Fig. 3]) was shown histologically to be a completely resected leiomyoma.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:20 December 2019
Deposited On:03 Feb 2020 15:12
Last Modified:03 Feb 2020 15:13
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0013-726X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1073-7344
PubMed ID:31863431

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