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Systematic analysis of therapeutic patterns and healthcare use during 12 months before inflammatory bowel disease-related hospitalization in Switzerland


Schoepfer, Alain; Vavricka, Stephan R; Brüngger, Beat; Blozik, Eva; Bähler, Caroline (2020). Systematic analysis of therapeutic patterns and healthcare use during 12 months before inflammatory bowel disease-related hospitalization in Switzerland. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 32(3):350-357.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Given the lack of data, we aimed to systematically analyze therapeutic patterns and health resource utilization in the year before inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-related hospitalization.
METHODS
Based on claims data of the Helsana health insurance group, therapy patterns and health resource utilization were assessed, and costs reimbursed by mandatory basic health insurance were calculated during a one-year period before an index hospitalization between 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2015.
RESULTS
We analyzed 344 IBD patients (140 ulcerative colitis [40.7%], 204 Crohn's disease [59.3%]). Drug regimens applied in the year before index hospitalization were as follows: no IBD drugs (43.6% ulcerative colitis, 43.1% Crohn's disease); 5-ASA (45.7% ulcerative colitis, 19.1% Crohn's disease); local steroids (17.9% ulcerative colitis, 17.6% Crohn's disease); systemic steroids (38.6% ulcerative colitis, 29.4% Crohn's disease); immunomodulators (10.7% ulcerative colitis, 18.1% Crohn's disease); biologics (10% ulcerative colitis, 24% Crohn's disease); and calcineurin inhibitors (2.1% ulcerative colitis, 1.5% Crohn's disease). Forty-five percent of ulcerative colitis patients and 31.4% of Crohn's disease patients had no diagnostic procedures [computed tomography (CT), MRI, radiograph, sonography, colonoscopy, and calprotectin] in the year before hospitalization. Total annual health care costs before index hospitalization was EUR 4060 (interquartile range (IQR) 2360-7390) for ulcerative colitis and EUR 4900 (IQR 1520-14 880) for Crohn's disease patients, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
Over 40% of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease patients did not receive any treatment in the year before index hospitalization. Efforts should be launched to timely diagnose and adequately treat IBD outpatients.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Given the lack of data, we aimed to systematically analyze therapeutic patterns and health resource utilization in the year before inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-related hospitalization.
METHODS
Based on claims data of the Helsana health insurance group, therapy patterns and health resource utilization were assessed, and costs reimbursed by mandatory basic health insurance were calculated during a one-year period before an index hospitalization between 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2015.
RESULTS
We analyzed 344 IBD patients (140 ulcerative colitis [40.7%], 204 Crohn's disease [59.3%]). Drug regimens applied in the year before index hospitalization were as follows: no IBD drugs (43.6% ulcerative colitis, 43.1% Crohn's disease); 5-ASA (45.7% ulcerative colitis, 19.1% Crohn's disease); local steroids (17.9% ulcerative colitis, 17.6% Crohn's disease); systemic steroids (38.6% ulcerative colitis, 29.4% Crohn's disease); immunomodulators (10.7% ulcerative colitis, 18.1% Crohn's disease); biologics (10% ulcerative colitis, 24% Crohn's disease); and calcineurin inhibitors (2.1% ulcerative colitis, 1.5% Crohn's disease). Forty-five percent of ulcerative colitis patients and 31.4% of Crohn's disease patients had no diagnostic procedures [computed tomography (CT), MRI, radiograph, sonography, colonoscopy, and calprotectin] in the year before hospitalization. Total annual health care costs before index hospitalization was EUR 4060 (interquartile range (IQR) 2360-7390) for ulcerative colitis and EUR 4900 (IQR 1520-14 880) for Crohn's disease patients, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
Over 40% of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease patients did not receive any treatment in the year before index hospitalization. Efforts should be launched to timely diagnose and adequately treat IBD outpatients.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 March 2020
Deposited On:03 Feb 2020 15:28
Last Modified:24 Feb 2020 16:25
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0954-691X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/MEG.0000000000001616
PubMed ID:31834046

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