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Alleviation of Intestinal Inflammation by Oral Supplementation With 2-Fucosyllactose in Mice


Grabinger, Thomas; Glaus Garzon, Jesus Francisco; Hausmann, Martin; Geirnaert, Annelies; Lacroix, Christophe; Hennet, Thierry (2019). Alleviation of Intestinal Inflammation by Oral Supplementation With 2-Fucosyllactose in Mice. Frontiers in Microbiology, 10:1385.

Abstract

Milk oligosaccharides exert a prebiotic action that contributes to the development of the infant gut microbiota during lactation. Given that milk oligosaccharides remain intact after passage through stomach and small intestine, they can potentially influence the composition of the gut microbiota when ingested as dietary supplements after weaning. To address the regulatory effects of specific oligosaccharides in colitis linked to the microbiota composition, we have supplemented interleukin-10 null (Il10$^{-/-}$) mice with four fucosylated and sialylated oligosaccharides. We found that oral supplementation with 2-fucosyllactose significantly decreased the severity of colitis as displayed by reduced inflammatory marker expression, histological and diarrhea scores, an increased epithelial integrity and less pronounced colon shortening. Oral supplementation with 2-fucosyllactose led to a marked expansion of the commensal Ruminococcus gnavus, which was accompanied by an enhanced cecal concentration of propionate. Decreased activation of immune cells by R. gnavus was confirmed by reconstitution of antibiotic-treated Il10$^{-/-}$ mice and by stimulation of dendritic cells in vitro. This study demonstrates that post-weaning administration of specific oligosaccharides can shift the composition of the gut microbiota to lessen chronic inflammation as observed in Il10$^{-/-}$ mice. The expansion of R. gnavus sets a positive microbial environment at the cost of pro-inflammatory Gram-negative bacteria, thereby lowering intestinal inflammation.

Abstract

Milk oligosaccharides exert a prebiotic action that contributes to the development of the infant gut microbiota during lactation. Given that milk oligosaccharides remain intact after passage through stomach and small intestine, they can potentially influence the composition of the gut microbiota when ingested as dietary supplements after weaning. To address the regulatory effects of specific oligosaccharides in colitis linked to the microbiota composition, we have supplemented interleukin-10 null (Il10$^{-/-}$) mice with four fucosylated and sialylated oligosaccharides. We found that oral supplementation with 2-fucosyllactose significantly decreased the severity of colitis as displayed by reduced inflammatory marker expression, histological and diarrhea scores, an increased epithelial integrity and less pronounced colon shortening. Oral supplementation with 2-fucosyllactose led to a marked expansion of the commensal Ruminococcus gnavus, which was accompanied by an enhanced cecal concentration of propionate. Decreased activation of immune cells by R. gnavus was confirmed by reconstitution of antibiotic-treated Il10$^{-/-}$ mice and by stimulation of dendritic cells in vitro. This study demonstrates that post-weaning administration of specific oligosaccharides can shift the composition of the gut microbiota to lessen chronic inflammation as observed in Il10$^{-/-}$ mice. The expansion of R. gnavus sets a positive microbial environment at the cost of pro-inflammatory Gram-negative bacteria, thereby lowering intestinal inflammation.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Microbiology
Health Sciences > Microbiology (medical)
Language:English
Date:2019
Deposited On:21 Jan 2020 12:15
Last Modified:12 Sep 2020 08:17
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-302X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.01385
PubMed ID:31275292

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