Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Supplementation with the omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: Changes in the concentrations of omega-3 index, fatty acids and molecular phospholipids of people at ultra high risk of developing psychosis


Alqarni, Ayedh; Mitchell, Todd W; McGorry, Patrick D; Nelson, Barnaby; Markulev, Connie; Yuen, Hok Pan; Schäfer, Miriam R; Berger, Maximus; Mossaheb, Nilufar; Schlögelhofer, Monika; Smesny, Stephan; Hickie, Ian B; Berger, Gregor E; Chen, Eric Y H; de Haan, Lieuwe; Nieman, Dorien H; Nordentoft, Merete; Riecher-Rössler, Anita; Verma, Swapna; Thompson, Andrew; Yung, Alison Ruth; Meyer, Barbara J; Amminger, G Paul (2019). Supplementation with the omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: Changes in the concentrations of omega-3 index, fatty acids and molecular phospholipids of people at ultra high risk of developing psychosis. Schizophrenia Research:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) are necessary for optimum mental health, with recent studies showing low n-3 LCPUFA in people at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis. Furthermore, people at UHR of psychosis had increased erythrocyte sphingomyelin (SM) and reduced phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) concentrations as well as 27 erythrocyte phospholipid species that differed when compared to erythrocytes from age matched people not at UHR of psychosis. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the effect of n-3 supplementation on the different erythrocyte lipid species (including SM and PE concentrations) in people at UHR of psychosis. Participants were randomly assigned to fish oil (containing 840 mg EPA and 560 mg DHA per day) or placebo (paraffin oil) for 6 months. Fasted blood samples were taken at baseline and post intervention. Mass spectrometry was used to analyse the molecular phospholipids and fatty acid composition of erythrocytes for both groups. The n-3 index was significantly increased from 3.0% to 4.12% after 6 months of receiving n-3 capsules. Fish oil capsules increased the phospholipid molecular species containing n-3 LCPUFA, and concomitant decreases in n-6 LCPUFA species. SM species did not show any significant changes in n-3 LCPUFA group however, three SM species (SM 16:0, SM 18:0, SM 18:1) significantly increased after 6 months of supplementation with placebo. N-3 supplementation for 6 months led to higher n-3 incorporation into erythrocytes, at the expense of n-6 PUFA across all phospholipid classes analyzed and may have prevented the increase in SM seen in the placebo group.

Abstract

Omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) are necessary for optimum mental health, with recent studies showing low n-3 LCPUFA in people at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis. Furthermore, people at UHR of psychosis had increased erythrocyte sphingomyelin (SM) and reduced phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) concentrations as well as 27 erythrocyte phospholipid species that differed when compared to erythrocytes from age matched people not at UHR of psychosis. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the effect of n-3 supplementation on the different erythrocyte lipid species (including SM and PE concentrations) in people at UHR of psychosis. Participants were randomly assigned to fish oil (containing 840 mg EPA and 560 mg DHA per day) or placebo (paraffin oil) for 6 months. Fasted blood samples were taken at baseline and post intervention. Mass spectrometry was used to analyse the molecular phospholipids and fatty acid composition of erythrocytes for both groups. The n-3 index was significantly increased from 3.0% to 4.12% after 6 months of receiving n-3 capsules. Fish oil capsules increased the phospholipid molecular species containing n-3 LCPUFA, and concomitant decreases in n-6 LCPUFA species. SM species did not show any significant changes in n-3 LCPUFA group however, three SM species (SM 16:0, SM 18:0, SM 18:1) significantly increased after 6 months of supplementation with placebo. N-3 supplementation for 6 months led to higher n-3 incorporation into erythrocytes, at the expense of n-6 PUFA across all phospholipid classes analyzed and may have prevented the increase in SM seen in the placebo group.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 04 Feb 2020
2 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Psychiatry and Mental Health
Life Sciences > Biological Psychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biological Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Mental health
Language:English
Date:1 October 2019
Deposited On:04 Feb 2020 13:28
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 13:19
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0920-9964
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2019.08.033
PubMed ID:31606244

Download

Closed Access: Download allowed only for UZH members