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The NEURAPRO Biomarker Analysis: Long-Chain Omega-3 Fatty Acids Improve 6-Month and 12-Month Outcomes in Youths at Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis


Amminger, G Paul; Nelson, Barnaby; Markulev, Connie; Yuen, Hok Pan; Schäfer, Miriam R; Berger, Maximus; Mossaheb, Nilufar; Schlögelhofer, Monika; Smesny, Stephan; Hickie, Ian B; Berger, Gregor E; Chen, Eric Y H; de Haan, Lieuwe; Nieman, Dorien H; Nordentoft, Merete; Riecher-Rössler, Anita; Verma, Swapna; Thompson, Andrew; Yung, Alison Ruth; McGorry, Patrick D (2020). The NEURAPRO Biomarker Analysis: Long-Chain Omega-3 Fatty Acids Improve 6-Month and 12-Month Outcomes in Youths at Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis. Biological Psychiatry, 87(3):243-252.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

NEURAPRO was a multicenter, placebo-controlled trial of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) (fish oil) in 304 individuals at ultra-high risk for psychotic disorders. The study failed to show benefits of n-3 PUFAs over placebo. Although the randomized controlled trial design is placed at the top of the evidence hierarchy, this methodology has limitations in fish oil randomized controlled trials, as not only is the test agent present in the intervention group, but also n-3 fats are present in the diet and the body tissue of all participants.

METHODS

Analysis of biomarker data (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA], docosahexaenoic acid [DHA], n-3 index, EPA+DHA) collected as part of NEURAPRO was conducted on 218 participants with longitudinal biomarker data to determine if n-3 PUFAs measured in erythrocytes at baseline and month 6 predicted clinical outcomes.

RESULTS

Increases of the n-3 index, EPA, and DHA predicted less severe psychopathology and better functioning at both follow-up time points. Higher baseline levels and increases of n-3 index also predicted overall clinical improvement at month 6 (n-3 index baseline: adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence interval (CI)] = 1.79 [1.30-2.48]; n-3 PUFA increase: adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] = 1.43 [1.16-1.76]) and at month 12 (n-3 index baseline: adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] = 2.60 [1.71-3.97]; n-3 PUFA increase: adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] = 1.36 [1.06-1.74]).

CONCLUSIONS

These data suggest that n-3 PUFAs can exert therapeutic effects in ultra-high-risk individuals. This finding has implications for early intervention and treatment guidelines, as n-3 PUFA supplementation can easily and safely be used in a wide variety of settings, from primary care to specialist services.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

NEURAPRO was a multicenter, placebo-controlled trial of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) (fish oil) in 304 individuals at ultra-high risk for psychotic disorders. The study failed to show benefits of n-3 PUFAs over placebo. Although the randomized controlled trial design is placed at the top of the evidence hierarchy, this methodology has limitations in fish oil randomized controlled trials, as not only is the test agent present in the intervention group, but also n-3 fats are present in the diet and the body tissue of all participants.

METHODS

Analysis of biomarker data (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA], docosahexaenoic acid [DHA], n-3 index, EPA+DHA) collected as part of NEURAPRO was conducted on 218 participants with longitudinal biomarker data to determine if n-3 PUFAs measured in erythrocytes at baseline and month 6 predicted clinical outcomes.

RESULTS

Increases of the n-3 index, EPA, and DHA predicted less severe psychopathology and better functioning at both follow-up time points. Higher baseline levels and increases of n-3 index also predicted overall clinical improvement at month 6 (n-3 index baseline: adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence interval (CI)] = 1.79 [1.30-2.48]; n-3 PUFA increase: adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] = 1.43 [1.16-1.76]) and at month 12 (n-3 index baseline: adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] = 2.60 [1.71-3.97]; n-3 PUFA increase: adjusted odds ratio [95% CI] = 1.36 [1.06-1.74]).

CONCLUSIONS

These data suggest that n-3 PUFAs can exert therapeutic effects in ultra-high-risk individuals. This finding has implications for early intervention and treatment guidelines, as n-3 PUFA supplementation can easily and safely be used in a wide variety of settings, from primary care to specialist services.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ultra-high risk, RCT, Fatty acids, Omega-3 index, Sphingomyelin, Phospholipids
Language:English
Date:1 February 2020
Deposited On:18 Feb 2020 16:15
Last Modified:23 Feb 2020 06:59
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-3223
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.08.030
PubMed ID:31690495

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