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Trajectories of symptom severity and functioning over a three-year period in a psychosis high-risk sample: A secondary analysis of the Neurapro trial


Abstract

The Ultra-High Risk (UHR) for psychosis group is known to be heterogeneous with diverse outcomes. This study aimed to: 1. Identify subclasses of UHR individuals based on trajectories of symptomatic and functional change over time, 2. Identify predictors of these trajectories. A sample of 304 UHR individuals participating in the Neurapro trial were followed over an average of 40 months. All participants received cognitive-behavioural case management (CBCM). Symptomatic and functional profiles were investigated using latent class growth analysis. Multinomial regression was employed to investigate predictors of classes. Identified trajectories showed mostly parallel slopes (i.e. improving symptoms/functioning over time), which were primarily distinct regarding the severity of symptomatology/level of functioning at baseline (i.e. the intercept). Higher symptomatic/lower functioning classes were predicted by higher substance use, older age, female gender, and lower cognitive functioning. No divergent trajectories were identified as all classes improved over time. This may reflect effective treatment through CBCM, natural illness course, or effective engagement with mental health services. Nonetheless, classes highest in symptoms/lowest in functioning still showed considerable impairment during follow-up, highlighting the need for targeted intervention in these subgroups. The study emphasizes the need for more clinical attention directed towards UHR patients being female or using substances.

Abstract

The Ultra-High Risk (UHR) for psychosis group is known to be heterogeneous with diverse outcomes. This study aimed to: 1. Identify subclasses of UHR individuals based on trajectories of symptomatic and functional change over time, 2. Identify predictors of these trajectories. A sample of 304 UHR individuals participating in the Neurapro trial were followed over an average of 40 months. All participants received cognitive-behavioural case management (CBCM). Symptomatic and functional profiles were investigated using latent class growth analysis. Multinomial regression was employed to investigate predictors of classes. Identified trajectories showed mostly parallel slopes (i.e. improving symptoms/functioning over time), which were primarily distinct regarding the severity of symptomatology/level of functioning at baseline (i.e. the intercept). Higher symptomatic/lower functioning classes were predicted by higher substance use, older age, female gender, and lower cognitive functioning. No divergent trajectories were identified as all classes improved over time. This may reflect effective treatment through CBCM, natural illness course, or effective engagement with mental health services. Nonetheless, classes highest in symptoms/lowest in functioning still showed considerable impairment during follow-up, highlighting the need for targeted intervention in these subgroups. The study emphasizes the need for more clinical attention directed towards UHR patients being female or using substances.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Clinical Psychology
Health Sciences > Psychiatry and Mental Health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ultra-high risk, Psychosis, Symptom trajectories, Latent class growth analysis, Longitudinal
Language:English
Date:January 2020
Deposited On:19 Feb 2020 14:44
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 13:19
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0005-7967
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2019.103527
PubMed ID:31790853

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