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In Vitro Effect of Modified Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Implant Abutments on Human Gingival Epithelial Keratinocytes Migration and Proliferation


Ramenzoni, Liza L; Attin, Thomas; Schmidlin, Patrick R (2019). In Vitro Effect of Modified Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Implant Abutments on Human Gingival Epithelial Keratinocytes Migration and Proliferation. Materials, 12(9):1401.

Abstract

Improving soft tissue attachment to implant abutments is a crucial factor for enduring health and maintenance of soft peri-implant tissue health. In this in vitro study we aimed to compare the biocompatibility of three different abutment surfaces: titanium, zirconia and modified polyetheretherketone (PEEK). Surface topography, roughness and wettability were investigated with scanning electron microscopy, profilometer and contact angle meter, respectively. Human gingival epithelial keratinocytes were examined for viability, morphology, proliferation and migration by using tetrazolium salt colorimetric assay, scanning electron microscopy imaging, immunofluorescence bromodeoxyuridine analysis and scratch wound healing assays. Roughness measurements revealed differences between the investigated surfaces. Keratinocytes cultured on all examined surfaces indicated adhesion and attachment by means of scanning electron microscopy imaging. Cell viability assays showed no significant differences between the groups (p > 0.05). The modified PEEK surface similarly improved surface roughness in comparison to titanium and zirconia, which resulted in greater and equivalent cell proliferation and migration. The study methodology showed here may emphasize the importance of cell interactions with different abutment materials, which in part increases the changes of implant success. PEEK, titanium and zirconia surface types used in this study showed mostly similar epithelial biological responses.

Abstract

Improving soft tissue attachment to implant abutments is a crucial factor for enduring health and maintenance of soft peri-implant tissue health. In this in vitro study we aimed to compare the biocompatibility of three different abutment surfaces: titanium, zirconia and modified polyetheretherketone (PEEK). Surface topography, roughness and wettability were investigated with scanning electron microscopy, profilometer and contact angle meter, respectively. Human gingival epithelial keratinocytes were examined for viability, morphology, proliferation and migration by using tetrazolium salt colorimetric assay, scanning electron microscopy imaging, immunofluorescence bromodeoxyuridine analysis and scratch wound healing assays. Roughness measurements revealed differences between the investigated surfaces. Keratinocytes cultured on all examined surfaces indicated adhesion and attachment by means of scanning electron microscopy imaging. Cell viability assays showed no significant differences between the groups (p > 0.05). The modified PEEK surface similarly improved surface roughness in comparison to titanium and zirconia, which resulted in greater and equivalent cell proliferation and migration. The study methodology showed here may emphasize the importance of cell interactions with different abutment materials, which in part increases the changes of implant success. PEEK, titanium and zirconia surface types used in this study showed mostly similar epithelial biological responses.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:29 April 2019
Deposited On:30 Jan 2020 07:41
Last Modified:01 Feb 2020 18:08
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:1996-1944
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12091401
PubMed ID:31036797

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