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The Impact of Mutualisms on Species Richness


Chomicki, Guillaume; Weber, Marjorie; Antonelli, Alexandre; Bascompte, Jordi; Kiers, E Toby (2019). The Impact of Mutualisms on Species Richness. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 34(8):698-711.

Abstract

There are contrasting hypotheses about the influence of mutualisms on species richness.

We provide a synthetic framework for how mutualisms influence species richness at the ecological and evolutionary scales.

Mutualisms can promote or restrict species richness depending on their function, level of dependence, and specificity.

Because the outcomes of mutualisms are highly dependent on environmental variables, we forecast that the effects of mutualisms on species richness are also strongly influenced by biotic, abiotic, and geographic variables across ecological and evolutionary timescales.

Although our review depicts the complex and multifaceted impact of mutualisms on species richness, it also highlights a key gap: our understanding of the relative importance of the mechanisms through which mutualisms affect biodiversity. We suggest new methodological approaches to fill this gap.

Abstract

There are contrasting hypotheses about the influence of mutualisms on species richness.

We provide a synthetic framework for how mutualisms influence species richness at the ecological and evolutionary scales.

Mutualisms can promote or restrict species richness depending on their function, level of dependence, and specificity.

Because the outcomes of mutualisms are highly dependent on environmental variables, we forecast that the effects of mutualisms on species richness are also strongly influenced by biotic, abiotic, and geographic variables across ecological and evolutionary timescales.

Although our review depicts the complex and multifaceted impact of mutualisms on species richness, it also highlights a key gap: our understanding of the relative importance of the mechanisms through which mutualisms affect biodiversity. We suggest new methodological approaches to fill this gap.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Language:English
Date:1 August 2019
Deposited On:04 Feb 2020 15:45
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 13:20
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0169-5347
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2019.03.003
Project Information:
  • : FunderFP7
  • : Grant ID335542
  • : Project TitleMARKETS - The evolution of plant-fungal markets
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID31003A_169671
  • : Project TitleThe structure, robustness, and functioning of the web of life

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