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Kenntnisse von deutschsprachigen Urologen zur Häufigkeit der Assoziation des Peniskarzinoms mit dem Humanen Papillomavirus – Survey-Ergebnisse der European PROspective Penile Cancer Study (E-PROPS)


Lebentrau, Steffen; Wolff, Ingmar; Hempel, Marie Christine; Haccius, Marlene; Kluth, Luis A; Pycha, Armin; Brookman-May, Sabine; Schneider, Till Rasmus; Hermanns, Thomas; Distler, Florian A; Boegemann, Martin; Kübler, Hubert; Shariat, Shahrokh F; Burger, Maximilian; May, Matthias (2019). Kenntnisse von deutschsprachigen Urologen zur Häufigkeit der Assoziation des Peniskarzinoms mit dem Humanen Papillomavirus – Survey-Ergebnisse der European PROspective Penile Cancer Study (E-PROPS). Aktuelle Urologie:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

BACKGROUND A recent meta-analysis showed that penile cancer (PeC) is associated with the human papilloma virus (HPV) in 50 % of patients in Europe. It is unknown whether urologists are aware of the impact of viral carcinogenesis.

METHODS A (German-language) survey comprising 14 items was created and sent to urologists of 45 clinical centres in Germany (n = 34), Austria (n = 8), Switzerland (n = 2) and Italy/South Tyrol (n = 1) once in Q3/2018. According to a predefined quality standard, a total of 557 surveys were eligible for final data analysis (response rate: 85.7 %). Among other questions, urologists were asked to state the frequency of HPV-associated PeC in Europe. 4 potential answers were provided: (A)-"< 25 %", (B)-"25 - 50 %", (C)-"> 50 - 75 %", (D)-"level of association unknown". For the final calculation, a tolerance of ± 50 % was considered acceptable, so B and C were deemed correct answers. Based on a bootstrap-adjusted multivariate logistic regression model, criteria independently predicting a correct answer were identified.

RESULTS Categories A-D were selected in 19.2 % (n = 107), 48.8 % (n = 272), 12.9 % (n = 72) and 19 % (n = 106), respectively, representing a rate of 61.8 % of urologists (n = 344) reaching the endpoint (B + C). Autonomous performance of chemotherapy for PeC by urologists within the given centre (OR 1.55, p[Bootstrap] = 0.036) and the centre's number of urological beds (OR 1.02, p[Bootstrap] = 0.025) were the only parameters showing a significant independent impact on the endpoint. In contrast, the status of a university centre (p = 0.143), a leading position of the responding urologist (p = 0.375) and the number of PeC patients treated per year and centre (p = 0.571) did not significantly predict a correct answer.

CONCLUSIONS Our results demonstrate insufficient knowledge on the association of PeC and HPV among German-speaking urologists.

Abstract

BACKGROUND A recent meta-analysis showed that penile cancer (PeC) is associated with the human papilloma virus (HPV) in 50 % of patients in Europe. It is unknown whether urologists are aware of the impact of viral carcinogenesis.

METHODS A (German-language) survey comprising 14 items was created and sent to urologists of 45 clinical centres in Germany (n = 34), Austria (n = 8), Switzerland (n = 2) and Italy/South Tyrol (n = 1) once in Q3/2018. According to a predefined quality standard, a total of 557 surveys were eligible for final data analysis (response rate: 85.7 %). Among other questions, urologists were asked to state the frequency of HPV-associated PeC in Europe. 4 potential answers were provided: (A)-"< 25 %", (B)-"25 - 50 %", (C)-"> 50 - 75 %", (D)-"level of association unknown". For the final calculation, a tolerance of ± 50 % was considered acceptable, so B and C were deemed correct answers. Based on a bootstrap-adjusted multivariate logistic regression model, criteria independently predicting a correct answer were identified.

RESULTS Categories A-D were selected in 19.2 % (n = 107), 48.8 % (n = 272), 12.9 % (n = 72) and 19 % (n = 106), respectively, representing a rate of 61.8 % of urologists (n = 344) reaching the endpoint (B + C). Autonomous performance of chemotherapy for PeC by urologists within the given centre (OR 1.55, p[Bootstrap] = 0.036) and the centre's number of urological beds (OR 1.02, p[Bootstrap] = 0.025) were the only parameters showing a significant independent impact on the endpoint. In contrast, the status of a university centre (p = 0.143), a leading position of the responding urologist (p = 0.375) and the number of PeC patients treated per year and centre (p = 0.571) did not significantly predict a correct answer.

CONCLUSIONS Our results demonstrate insufficient knowledge on the association of PeC and HPV among German-speaking urologists.

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Other titles:Knowledge of German-speaking urologists regarding the association between penile cancer and human papilloma virus: results of a survey of the European PROspective Penile Cancer Study (E-PROPS)
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Urological Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:19 November 2019
Deposited On:06 Feb 2020 08:25
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 13:26
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0001-7868
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1032-8086
PubMed ID:31745963

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