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Moorfields AMD database report 2: fellow eye involvement with neovascular age-related macular degeneration


Fasler, Katrin; Fu, Dun Jack; Moraes, Gabriella; Wagner, Siegfried; Gokhale, Eesha; Kortuem, Karsten; Chopra, Reena; Faes, Livia; Preston, Gabriella; Pontikos, Nikolas; Patel, Praveen J; Tufail, Adnan; Lee, Aaron Y; Balaskas, Konstantinos; Keane, Pearse A (2019). Moorfields AMD database report 2: fellow eye involvement with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. The British Journal of Ophthalmology:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS
Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) is frequently bilateral, and previous reports on 'fellow eyes' have assumed sequential treatment after a period of treatment of the first eye only. The aim of our study was to analyse baseline characteristics and visual acuity (VA) outcomes of fellow eye involvement with nAMD, specifically differentiating between sequential and non-sequential (due to macular scarring in the first eye) antivascular endothelial growth factor treatment and timelines for fellow eye involvement.

METHODS
Retrospective, electronic medical record database study of the Moorfields AMD database of 6265 patients/120 286 single entries with data extracted between 21 October 2008 and 9 August 2018. The data set for analysis consisted of 1180 sequential, 807 non-sequential and 3410 unilateral eyes.

RESULTS
Mean VA (ETDRS letters±SD) of sequentially treated fellow eyes at baseline was significantly higher (63±13), VA gain over 2 years lower (0.37±14) and proportion of eyes with good VA (≥70 letters) higher (46%) than the respective first eyes (baseline VA 54±16, VA gain at 2 years 5.6±15, percentage of eyes with good VA 39%). Non-sequential fellow eyes showed baseline characteristics and VA outcomes similar to first eyes. Fellow eye involvement rate was 32% at 2 years, and median time interval to fellow eye involvement was 71 (IQR: 27-147) weeks.

CONCLUSION
This report shows that sequentially treated nAMD fellow eyes have better baseline and final VA than non-sequentially treated eyes after 2 years of treatment. Sequentially treated eyes also had a greater proportion with good VA after 2 years.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS
Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) is frequently bilateral, and previous reports on 'fellow eyes' have assumed sequential treatment after a period of treatment of the first eye only. The aim of our study was to analyse baseline characteristics and visual acuity (VA) outcomes of fellow eye involvement with nAMD, specifically differentiating between sequential and non-sequential (due to macular scarring in the first eye) antivascular endothelial growth factor treatment and timelines for fellow eye involvement.

METHODS
Retrospective, electronic medical record database study of the Moorfields AMD database of 6265 patients/120 286 single entries with data extracted between 21 October 2008 and 9 August 2018. The data set for analysis consisted of 1180 sequential, 807 non-sequential and 3410 unilateral eyes.

RESULTS
Mean VA (ETDRS letters±SD) of sequentially treated fellow eyes at baseline was significantly higher (63±13), VA gain over 2 years lower (0.37±14) and proportion of eyes with good VA (≥70 letters) higher (46%) than the respective first eyes (baseline VA 54±16, VA gain at 2 years 5.6±15, percentage of eyes with good VA 39%). Non-sequential fellow eyes showed baseline characteristics and VA outcomes similar to first eyes. Fellow eye involvement rate was 32% at 2 years, and median time interval to fellow eye involvement was 71 (IQR: 27-147) weeks.

CONCLUSION
This report shows that sequentially treated nAMD fellow eyes have better baseline and final VA than non-sequentially treated eyes after 2 years of treatment. Sequentially treated eyes also had a greater proportion with good VA after 2 years.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:14 October 2019
Deposited On:06 Feb 2020 11:17
Last Modified:06 Feb 2020 12:08
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0007-1161
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2019-314446
PubMed ID:31611234

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