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Collagen glycosylation


Hennet, Thierry (2019). Collagen glycosylation. Current Opinion in Structural Biology, 56:131-138.

Abstract

Despite the ubiquity of collagens in the animal kingdom, little is known about the biology of the disaccharide Glc(α1-2)Gal(β1-O) bound to hydroxylysine across collagens from sponges to mammals. The extent of collagen glycosylation varies by the types of collagen, with basement membrane collagen type IV being more glycosylated than fibrillar collagens. Beyond true collagens, proteins including collagen domains such as the complement protein 1Q and the hormone adiponectin also feature glycosylated hydroxylysine. Collagen glycosylation is initiated in the endoplasmic reticulum by the galactosyltransferases COLGALT1 and COLGALT2. Mutations in the COLGALT1 gene cause cerebral small vessel abnormality and porencephaly, which are common in collagen type IV deficiency. Beyond the strongly conserved Glc(α1-2)Gal(β1-O) glycan, additional forms of collagen glycosylation have been described in the deep-sea worm Riftia pachyptila and in the giant virus Mimivirus, thereby suggesting that further forms of collagen glycosylation are likely to be identified in the future.

Abstract

Despite the ubiquity of collagens in the animal kingdom, little is known about the biology of the disaccharide Glc(α1-2)Gal(β1-O) bound to hydroxylysine across collagens from sponges to mammals. The extent of collagen glycosylation varies by the types of collagen, with basement membrane collagen type IV being more glycosylated than fibrillar collagens. Beyond true collagens, proteins including collagen domains such as the complement protein 1Q and the hormone adiponectin also feature glycosylated hydroxylysine. Collagen glycosylation is initiated in the endoplasmic reticulum by the galactosyltransferases COLGALT1 and COLGALT2. Mutations in the COLGALT1 gene cause cerebral small vessel abnormality and porencephaly, which are common in collagen type IV deficiency. Beyond the strongly conserved Glc(α1-2)Gal(β1-O) glycan, additional forms of collagen glycosylation have been described in the deep-sea worm Riftia pachyptila and in the giant virus Mimivirus, thereby suggesting that further forms of collagen glycosylation are likely to be identified in the future.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2019
Deposited On:06 Feb 2020 15:25
Last Modified:06 Feb 2020 15:25
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0959-440X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbi.2019.01.015
PubMed ID:30822656

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