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Polymeric Bis(dipyrrinato) Zinc(II) Nanoparticles as Selective Imaging Probes for Lysosomes of Cancer Cells


Karges, Johannes; Blacque, Olivier; Chao, Hui; Gasser, Gilles (2019). Polymeric Bis(dipyrrinato) Zinc(II) Nanoparticles as Selective Imaging Probes for Lysosomes of Cancer Cells. Inorganic Chemistry, 58(18):12422-12432.

Abstract

Fluorescence imaging is a powerful tool in biomedical research. It has been frequently used to uncover or better understand physiological mechanisms in disease-related processes such as cancer. The majority of chromophores used for imaging are based on a 4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (BODIPY) scaffold. However, their applications are limited due to their poor water solubility as well as poor cancer cell selectivity. To circumvent these drawbacks, we present herein the use of bis(dipyrrinato)zinc(II) complexes. As this class of compounds is associated with a quenching effect of the excited state in water, the lead compound of this study (3) was encapsulated in a polymer matrix with biotin as a targeting moiety (3-NP). This encapsulation improved the water solubility, overcame the quenching effects in water, as well as allowed selective accumulation in the lysosomes with a bright fluorescence signal in monolayer cells as well as 3D multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS). As a benefit from the biotin targeting moiety, the nanoparticles were majorly taken up by the sodium dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT) which is overexpressed in various cancers cells and selectively accumulated in cancerous cells over noncancerous cells.

Abstract

Fluorescence imaging is a powerful tool in biomedical research. It has been frequently used to uncover or better understand physiological mechanisms in disease-related processes such as cancer. The majority of chromophores used for imaging are based on a 4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (BODIPY) scaffold. However, their applications are limited due to their poor water solubility as well as poor cancer cell selectivity. To circumvent these drawbacks, we present herein the use of bis(dipyrrinato)zinc(II) complexes. As this class of compounds is associated with a quenching effect of the excited state in water, the lead compound of this study (3) was encapsulated in a polymer matrix with biotin as a targeting moiety (3-NP). This encapsulation improved the water solubility, overcame the quenching effects in water, as well as allowed selective accumulation in the lysosomes with a bright fluorescence signal in monolayer cells as well as 3D multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS). As a benefit from the biotin targeting moiety, the nanoparticles were majorly taken up by the sodium dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT) which is overexpressed in various cancers cells and selectively accumulated in cancerous cells over noncancerous cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry
Language:English
Date:16 September 2019
Deposited On:07 Feb 2020 08:46
Last Modified:07 Feb 2020 08:46
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:0020-1669
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b02019

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