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Seasonal changes in ROS concentrations and sperm quality in unfrozen and frozen-thawed stallion semen


Mislei, Beatrice; Bucci, Diego; Malama, Eleni; Bollwein, Heiner; Mari, Gaetano (2020). Seasonal changes in ROS concentrations and sperm quality in unfrozen and frozen-thawed stallion semen. Theriogenology, 144:89-97.

Abstract

Oxidative stress is regarded as an important cause of sperm damage during cryopreservation. However, seasonal changes in oxidative status in unfrozen and frozen-thawed stallion sperm have not been well established. We tested the hypothesis that sperm ROS concentrations and lipid peroxidation change between breeding and non-breeding seasons and influence quality of unfrozen and frozen-thawed sperm. Eighteen ejaculates from six Warmblood stallions (8-21 y) known to be fertile, were collected in winter and summer and processed for freezing. After 90 min at +4 °C, some straws from each ejaculate were not frozen (unfrozen), whereas the remainder were frozen by N2 vapors, plunged in N2 and thawed (frozen-thawed). Rapid cells (RAP; determined by CASA), plasma membraneacrosome integrity (PMAI), high mitochondrial membrane potential (Mpos), low intracellular Ca2+ concentration (Fneg), membrane lipid peroxidation (BODIPY), intracellular ROS concentrations (DCFH, MitoSOX) and chromatin fragmentation (DFI%) were evaluated by flow cytometry in both groups and at intervals during incubation at +37 °C for 24 h. Overall, ROS concentrations and lipid peroxidation were higher and faster (P < 0.0001) in winter versus summer, DFI% was lower in winter versus summer (P < 0.0001), but similar between the two groups within season. There were moderate positive correlations in both seasons between DFI% and MitoSOX, DCFH, BODIPY in both groups, whereas a negative correlation, stronger in winter, was evident between sperm quality (RAP, PMAI, Mpos, Fneg) and BODIPY, DCFH, MitoSOX. There were no differences between seasons for RAP, PMAI, Mpos and Fneg. In conclusion, ROS-related parameters were higher in winter than in summer, without a negative effect on sperm quality. We concluded that increased ROS concentrations were less deleterious to sperm than freezing-thawing. Furthermore, incubation at +37 °C and sequential analysis were useful to assess sperm resistance.

Abstract

Oxidative stress is regarded as an important cause of sperm damage during cryopreservation. However, seasonal changes in oxidative status in unfrozen and frozen-thawed stallion sperm have not been well established. We tested the hypothesis that sperm ROS concentrations and lipid peroxidation change between breeding and non-breeding seasons and influence quality of unfrozen and frozen-thawed sperm. Eighteen ejaculates from six Warmblood stallions (8-21 y) known to be fertile, were collected in winter and summer and processed for freezing. After 90 min at +4 °C, some straws from each ejaculate were not frozen (unfrozen), whereas the remainder were frozen by N2 vapors, plunged in N2 and thawed (frozen-thawed). Rapid cells (RAP; determined by CASA), plasma membraneacrosome integrity (PMAI), high mitochondrial membrane potential (Mpos), low intracellular Ca2+ concentration (Fneg), membrane lipid peroxidation (BODIPY), intracellular ROS concentrations (DCFH, MitoSOX) and chromatin fragmentation (DFI%) were evaluated by flow cytometry in both groups and at intervals during incubation at +37 °C for 24 h. Overall, ROS concentrations and lipid peroxidation were higher and faster (P < 0.0001) in winter versus summer, DFI% was lower in winter versus summer (P < 0.0001), but similar between the two groups within season. There were moderate positive correlations in both seasons between DFI% and MitoSOX, DCFH, BODIPY in both groups, whereas a negative correlation, stronger in winter, was evident between sperm quality (RAP, PMAI, Mpos, Fneg) and BODIPY, DCFH, MitoSOX. There were no differences between seasons for RAP, PMAI, Mpos and Fneg. In conclusion, ROS-related parameters were higher in winter than in summer, without a negative effect on sperm quality. We concluded that increased ROS concentrations were less deleterious to sperm than freezing-thawing. Furthermore, incubation at +37 °C and sequential analysis were useful to assess sperm resistance.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:Food Animals, Animal Science and Zoology, Equine, Small Animals, Freezing-thawing; Horse; Oxidative status; Seasonality; Sperm
Language:English
Date:1 March 2020
Deposited On:29 Jan 2020 15:44
Last Modified:29 Jan 2020 15:44
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0093-691X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.12.016
PubMed ID:31927419

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