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Explaining everyday behaviours and situational context by personality metatraits and higher‐order values


Skimina, Ewa; Cieciuch, Jan (2020). Explaining everyday behaviours and situational context by personality metatraits and higher‐order values. European Journal of Personality, 34(1):29-59.

Abstract

In the current study, we looked for the relations between broad personality dimensions (metatraits of personality and higher‐order values) and everyday behaviours. We asked participants (N = 374; aged 17 to 53, Mage = 23.72) about their current behaviour, followed by questions on situational context (company and perceived autonomy) seven times per day for seven consecutive days, using an experience sampling mobile app. This method allowed us to capture a wide range of descriptions of behavioural acts (n = 13 873), which were then empirically categorized. Personality metatraits distinguished within the Circumplex of Personality Metatraits (i.e. Stability vs. Disinhibition, Plasticity vs. Passiveness, Integration vs. Disharmony, and Self‐Restraint vs. Sensation‐Seeking) and values from the refined model of Schwartz et al. (Openness to Change vs. Conservation and Self‐Transcendence vs. Self‐Enhancement) were measured by self‐descriptive questionnaires. Multilevel logistic regressions with multiple predictors, including traits and values simultaneously, revealed significant effects or tendencies for 20 of the 35 categories of activities, five kinds of company, and perceived autonomy. The best predictors of activities and situational context were the higher‐order values Openness to Change vs. Conservation.

Abstract

In the current study, we looked for the relations between broad personality dimensions (metatraits of personality and higher‐order values) and everyday behaviours. We asked participants (N = 374; aged 17 to 53, Mage = 23.72) about their current behaviour, followed by questions on situational context (company and perceived autonomy) seven times per day for seven consecutive days, using an experience sampling mobile app. This method allowed us to capture a wide range of descriptions of behavioural acts (n = 13 873), which were then empirically categorized. Personality metatraits distinguished within the Circumplex of Personality Metatraits (i.e. Stability vs. Disinhibition, Plasticity vs. Passiveness, Integration vs. Disharmony, and Self‐Restraint vs. Sensation‐Seeking) and values from the refined model of Schwartz et al. (Openness to Change vs. Conservation and Self‐Transcendence vs. Self‐Enhancement) were measured by self‐descriptive questionnaires. Multilevel logistic regressions with multiple predictors, including traits and values simultaneously, revealed significant effects or tendencies for 20 of the 35 categories of activities, five kinds of company, and perceived autonomy. The best predictors of activities and situational context were the higher‐order values Openness to Change vs. Conservation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Business Administration
08 Research Priority Programs > Social Networks
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:9 January 2020
Deposited On:05 Feb 2020 07:26
Last Modified:08 Feb 2020 02:07
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0890-2070
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/per.2230
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:19021

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