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Antibodies against HPV16E6 oncoprotein in the Swiss HIV cohort study: Kinetics and anal cancer risk prediction


Combes, Jean-Damien; Clifford, Gary M; Günthard, Huldrych F; Hauser, Christoph; Darling, Katharine E A; Valladares, Pablo; Battegay, Manuel; Waldeck, Frederike; Bernasconi, Enos; Bertisch, Barbara; Hirsch, Hans H; Brenner, Nicole; Waterboer, Tim; Scherrer, Alexandra U; Swiss HIV Cohort Study (2020). Antibodies against HPV16E6 oncoprotein in the Swiss HIV cohort study: Kinetics and anal cancer risk prediction. International Journal of Cancer, 147(3):757-765.

Abstract

Our aim was to describe HPV16E6 antibody kinetics prior to anal cancer in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and evaluate the possible contribution of HPV16E6 serology to anal cancer risk prediction. For 91 persons diagnosed with anal cancer in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (1989-2017), serial serum/plasma samples were tested for HPV16E6 antibodies using multiplex serology, supplemented with samples from 1,356 participants without anal cancer. Anal cancer incidence was estimated for PLWHA from 40 years-old in the cART era, stratified by HPV16E6 serostatus. HPV16E6 seroprevalence was 23.3% in samples <2 years prior to anal cancer diagnosis and decreased with increasing time prior to cancer: 16.7% at 2-4 years, 4.4% at 5-9, and 7.0% at ≥10 years. Of 25 individuals with anal cancer who were HPV16E6-seropositive at any time during follow-up, the majority (n = 18) remained seropositive in all samples after seroconversion, whereas for seven cases, seropositivity was transitory. Among individuals with anal cancer, HPV16E6 seroprevalence was marginally higher in women vs. men who have sex with men (adjusted OR = 4.3, 95% CI: 1.1, 17.2) and in older participants (adjusted OR = 6.2, 95% CI: 1.1, 34.8 for cases diagnosed at ≥55 vs. <45 years). Anal cancer incidence was 402/100,000 person-years in HPV16E6-positive vs. 82/100,000 in HPV16E6-negative PLWHA (incidence rate ratio = 4.9, 95% CI: 1.3, 13.1). In conclusion, HPV16E6 serology, despite its low sensitivity, allows characterization of a group of individuals with very high anal cancer incidence and may have a place in secondary prevention in groups at high risk for anal cancer such as PLWHA.

Abstract

Our aim was to describe HPV16E6 antibody kinetics prior to anal cancer in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and evaluate the possible contribution of HPV16E6 serology to anal cancer risk prediction. For 91 persons diagnosed with anal cancer in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (1989-2017), serial serum/plasma samples were tested for HPV16E6 antibodies using multiplex serology, supplemented with samples from 1,356 participants without anal cancer. Anal cancer incidence was estimated for PLWHA from 40 years-old in the cART era, stratified by HPV16E6 serostatus. HPV16E6 seroprevalence was 23.3% in samples <2 years prior to anal cancer diagnosis and decreased with increasing time prior to cancer: 16.7% at 2-4 years, 4.4% at 5-9, and 7.0% at ≥10 years. Of 25 individuals with anal cancer who were HPV16E6-seropositive at any time during follow-up, the majority (n = 18) remained seropositive in all samples after seroconversion, whereas for seven cases, seropositivity was transitory. Among individuals with anal cancer, HPV16E6 seroprevalence was marginally higher in women vs. men who have sex with men (adjusted OR = 4.3, 95% CI: 1.1, 17.2) and in older participants (adjusted OR = 6.2, 95% CI: 1.1, 34.8 for cases diagnosed at ≥55 vs. <45 years). Anal cancer incidence was 402/100,000 person-years in HPV16E6-positive vs. 82/100,000 in HPV16E6-negative PLWHA (incidence rate ratio = 4.9, 95% CI: 1.3, 13.1). In conclusion, HPV16E6 serology, despite its low sensitivity, allows characterization of a group of individuals with very high anal cancer incidence and may have a place in secondary prevention in groups at high risk for anal cancer such as PLWHA.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Oncology
Life Sciences > Cancer Research
Language:English
Date:1 August 2020
Deposited On:07 Feb 2020 10:45
Last Modified:20 Aug 2020 11:09
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0020-7136
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32784
PubMed ID:31722114

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