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Determination of reference intervals for single vial rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) parameters and correlation with plasmatic coagulation times in 49 clinically healthy dogs.


Jud Schefer, Rahel; Heimgartner, Lara; Stirn, Martina; Sigrist, Nadja (2020). Determination of reference intervals for single vial rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) parameters and correlation with plasmatic coagulation times in 49 clinically healthy dogs. Research in Veterinary Science, 129:129-136.

Abstract

The objectives of this prospective study were determination of reference intervals (RI) for rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) parameters in single use reagents and to evaluate correlations between plasmatic coagulation times and ROTEM parameters. Blood was sampled from a jugular vein in 49 client-owned healthy dogs and ex-tem S, in-tem S, fib-tem S and ap-tem S parameters, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen, haematology, blood chemistry and venous blood gas analysis was performed. Determination of RI was performed using Excel add-in Reference Value Advisor and correlations between PT, aPTT and fibrinogen with selected ROTEM parameters were determined by Spearman correlation. Ex-tem S maximum clot firmness (MCF) RI are smaller compared to RI in people and liquid ex-tem in dogs while maximum lysis was comparable to those in people but smaller than previously reported in dogs. A strong correlation was found between fibrinogen measured by Clauss and fib-tem S and in-tem S MCF (r = 0.541, P < .001 and r = 0.610, P < .001, respectively). PT showed a significant but moderate correlation with ex-tem S CT (r = 0.340, P = .030), in-tem S CFT (r = 0.433, P = .003), fib-tem S CT (r = 0.426, P = .009) and ap-tem S CT (r = 0.354, P = .015) while aPTT was not significantly correlated with any of the evaluated parameters. In conclusion, this study provides single use reagent ROTEM parameter RIs that are different from RI determined with liquid reagents. Significant correlations between fibrinogen concentrations measured by Clauss and clot firmness of fib-tem S and in-tem S profiles and between PT and clotting times of all reagents were identified.

Abstract

The objectives of this prospective study were determination of reference intervals (RI) for rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) parameters in single use reagents and to evaluate correlations between plasmatic coagulation times and ROTEM parameters. Blood was sampled from a jugular vein in 49 client-owned healthy dogs and ex-tem S, in-tem S, fib-tem S and ap-tem S parameters, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen, haematology, blood chemistry and venous blood gas analysis was performed. Determination of RI was performed using Excel add-in Reference Value Advisor and correlations between PT, aPTT and fibrinogen with selected ROTEM parameters were determined by Spearman correlation. Ex-tem S maximum clot firmness (MCF) RI are smaller compared to RI in people and liquid ex-tem in dogs while maximum lysis was comparable to those in people but smaller than previously reported in dogs. A strong correlation was found between fibrinogen measured by Clauss and fib-tem S and in-tem S MCF (r = 0.541, P < .001 and r = 0.610, P < .001, respectively). PT showed a significant but moderate correlation with ex-tem S CT (r = 0.340, P = .030), in-tem S CFT (r = 0.433, P = .003), fib-tem S CT (r = 0.426, P = .009) and ap-tem S CT (r = 0.354, P = .015) while aPTT was not significantly correlated with any of the evaluated parameters. In conclusion, this study provides single use reagent ROTEM parameter RIs that are different from RI determined with liquid reagents. Significant correlations between fibrinogen concentrations measured by Clauss and clot firmness of fib-tem S and in-tem S profiles and between PT and clotting times of all reagents were identified.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Veterinary
Uncontrolled Keywords:Canine; Fibrinogen; PT; aPTT
Language:English
Date:1 April 2020
Deposited On:30 Jan 2020 16:01
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 13:48
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0034-5288
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2020.01.014
PubMed ID:31982776

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