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Allostery in Its Many Disguises: From Theory to Applications


Abstract

Allosteric regulation plays an important role in many biological processes, such as signal transduction, transcriptional regulation, andmetabolism. Allostery is rooted in the fundamental physical properties of macromolecular systems, but its underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. A collection of contributions to a recent interdisciplinary CECAM(Center Europeen de Calcul Atomique et Moleculaire) workshop is used here to provide an overview of the progress and remaining limitations in the understanding of the mechanistic foundations of allostery gained from computational and experimental analyses of real protein systems and model systems. The main conceptual frameworks instrumental in driving the field are discussed. We illustrate the role of these frameworks in illuminating molecular mechanisms and explaining cellular processes, and describe some of their promising practical applications in engineering molecular sensors and informing drug design efforts.

Abstract

Allosteric regulation plays an important role in many biological processes, such as signal transduction, transcriptional regulation, andmetabolism. Allostery is rooted in the fundamental physical properties of macromolecular systems, but its underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. A collection of contributions to a recent interdisciplinary CECAM(Center Europeen de Calcul Atomique et Moleculaire) workshop is used here to provide an overview of the progress and remaining limitations in the understanding of the mechanistic foundations of allostery gained from computational and experimental analyses of real protein systems and model systems. The main conceptual frameworks instrumental in driving the field are discussed. We illustrate the role of these frameworks in illuminating molecular mechanisms and explaining cellular processes, and describe some of their promising practical applications in engineering molecular sensors and informing drug design efforts.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Molecular Biology, Structural Biology
Language:English
Date:1 April 2019
Deposited On:07 Feb 2020 13:47
Last Modified:07 Feb 2020 13:48
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:0969-2126
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.str.2019.01.003

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