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Solvent-Free Fabrication of Flexible and Robust Superhydrophobic Composite Films with Hierarchical Micro/Nanostructures and Durable Self-Cleaning Functionality


Liu, Shanqiu; Zhang, Xiaotian; Seeger, Stefan (2019). Solvent-Free Fabrication of Flexible and Robust Superhydrophobic Composite Films with Hierarchical Micro/Nanostructures and Durable Self-Cleaning Functionality. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 11(47):44691-44699.

Abstract

Superhydrophobic surfaces hold tremendous potential in a wide range of applications owing to their multifaced functionalities. However, the mechanochemical susceptibility of such materials hinders their widespread usage in practical applications. Here, we present a simple, solvent-free, and environmentally friendly approach to fabricate flexible and robust superhydrophobic composite films with durable self-cleaning functionality. The obtained composite film features unexpected but surprising hierarchical micro/nanoscopic structures as well as robust superhydrophobicity with a water contact angle of similar to 170 degrees and a sliding angle below 4 degrees. Notably, the composite film exhibits mechanical robustness under cyclic abrasion, tape peeling, flexing, intensive finger wiping, and knife cutting; maintains excellent superhydrophobicity after long-time exposure to a high-humidity environment; and sustains exposure to highly corrosive species, such as strong acid/base solutions and organic solvents. The robust superhydrophobicity is ascribed to the induced micro/ nanohierarchical surface structures, resulting in the trapped dual-scale air pockets, which could largely reduce the solid/liquid interface. In addition, even after oil contamination, the composite film water repellency and self-cleaning functionality. The robust superhydrophobic composite film developed here is expected extend the application scope of superhydrophobic materials and should find potential usage in various industries and daily life.

Abstract

Superhydrophobic surfaces hold tremendous potential in a wide range of applications owing to their multifaced functionalities. However, the mechanochemical susceptibility of such materials hinders their widespread usage in practical applications. Here, we present a simple, solvent-free, and environmentally friendly approach to fabricate flexible and robust superhydrophobic composite films with durable self-cleaning functionality. The obtained composite film features unexpected but surprising hierarchical micro/nanoscopic structures as well as robust superhydrophobicity with a water contact angle of similar to 170 degrees and a sliding angle below 4 degrees. Notably, the composite film exhibits mechanical robustness under cyclic abrasion, tape peeling, flexing, intensive finger wiping, and knife cutting; maintains excellent superhydrophobicity after long-time exposure to a high-humidity environment; and sustains exposure to highly corrosive species, such as strong acid/base solutions and organic solvents. The robust superhydrophobicity is ascribed to the induced micro/ nanohierarchical surface structures, resulting in the trapped dual-scale air pockets, which could largely reduce the solid/liquid interface. In addition, even after oil contamination, the composite film water repellency and self-cleaning functionality. The robust superhydrophobic composite film developed here is expected extend the application scope of superhydrophobic materials and should find potential usage in various industries and daily life.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Materials Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Materials Science
Language:English
Date:27 November 2019
Deposited On:07 Feb 2020 14:03
Last Modified:20 Oct 2020 00:00
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:1944-8244
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b15318

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