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Intraoperative flow profiles of arterial and venous bypass grafts to the left coronary territory


Amin, Sanaz; Madsen, Per Lav; Werner, Raphael S; Krasopoulos, George; Taggart, David P (2019). Intraoperative flow profiles of arterial and venous bypass grafts to the left coronary territory. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 56(1):64-71.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The different mechanical and vasodilatory properties of arteries and veins may influence their flow profiles when used for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This may be of significance when assessing the cut-off values for adequate flow. However, conduit-related flow differences are less examined.
METHODS: In a study of 268 patients, transit time flowmetry parameters of 336 arterial and 170 venous conduits all grafted to the left coronary territory were compared. With transit time flowmetry, the mean graft flow (MGF), pulsatility index, percentage of diastolic filling and percentage of backwards flow were measured. Conduit-related differences were further compared according to on- or off-pump CABG (ONCABG versus OPCABG) surgery.
RESULTS: Overall MGF and pulsatility index were comparable between arterial and venous grafts, but in arterial grafts, MGF was higher during ONCABG than during OPCABG (49.1 ± 35.3 ml/min vs 38.8 ± 26.6 ml/min; P = 0.003). Percentage of diastolic filling was higher in arterial grafts than in venous grafts (overall 71.0 ± 7.9% vs 63.7 ± 11.1%; ONCABG 69.9 ± 7.1% vs 63.9 ± 10.4%; OPCABG 71.9 ± 8.3% vs 63.4 ± 12.2%; all P < 0.001). Furthermore, percentage of backwards flow was higher in arterial grafts than in venous grafts in the overall (2.3 ± 3.2% vs 1.7 ± 3.2%, P = 0.002) and in the ONCABG (2.3 ± 3.2% vs 1.3 ± 2.5%, P < 0.001) cohorts. In venous grafts, percentage of backwards flow was lower during ONCABG versus OPCABG (1.3 ± 2.5% vs 2.6 ± 3.9%, P = 0.016).
CONCLUSIONS: No statistically significant difference was observed for MGF and pulsatility index between arterial and venous conduits. However, arterial grafts have significantly higher diastolic filling and backwards flow than venous grafts. Furthermore, arterial grafts have a significantly higher MGF in ONCABG versus OPCABG.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The different mechanical and vasodilatory properties of arteries and veins may influence their flow profiles when used for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This may be of significance when assessing the cut-off values for adequate flow. However, conduit-related flow differences are less examined.
METHODS: In a study of 268 patients, transit time flowmetry parameters of 336 arterial and 170 venous conduits all grafted to the left coronary territory were compared. With transit time flowmetry, the mean graft flow (MGF), pulsatility index, percentage of diastolic filling and percentage of backwards flow were measured. Conduit-related differences were further compared according to on- or off-pump CABG (ONCABG versus OPCABG) surgery.
RESULTS: Overall MGF and pulsatility index were comparable between arterial and venous grafts, but in arterial grafts, MGF was higher during ONCABG than during OPCABG (49.1 ± 35.3 ml/min vs 38.8 ± 26.6 ml/min; P = 0.003). Percentage of diastolic filling was higher in arterial grafts than in venous grafts (overall 71.0 ± 7.9% vs 63.7 ± 11.1%; ONCABG 69.9 ± 7.1% vs 63.9 ± 10.4%; OPCABG 71.9 ± 8.3% vs 63.4 ± 12.2%; all P < 0.001). Furthermore, percentage of backwards flow was higher in arterial grafts than in venous grafts in the overall (2.3 ± 3.2% vs 1.7 ± 3.2%, P = 0.002) and in the ONCABG (2.3 ± 3.2% vs 1.3 ± 2.5%, P < 0.001) cohorts. In venous grafts, percentage of backwards flow was lower during ONCABG versus OPCABG (1.3 ± 2.5% vs 2.6 ± 3.9%, P = 0.016).
CONCLUSIONS: No statistically significant difference was observed for MGF and pulsatility index between arterial and venous conduits. However, arterial grafts have significantly higher diastolic filling and backwards flow than venous grafts. Furthermore, arterial grafts have a significantly higher MGF in ONCABG versus OPCABG.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 July 2019
Deposited On:10 Feb 2020 15:55
Last Modified:10 Feb 2020 15:56
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy473
PubMed ID:30715312

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