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ALPPS in neuroendocrine liver metastases not amenable for conventional resection – lessons learned from an interim analysis of the international ALPPS registry


Abstract

BACKGROUND: Surgery is the most effective treatment option for neuroendocrine liver metastases (NELM). This study investigated the role of associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) as a novel strategy in treatment of NELM.
METHODS: The International ALPPS Registry was reviewed to study patients who underwent ALPPS for NELM.
RESULTS: From 2010 to 2017, 954 ALPPS procedures from 135 international centers were recorded in the International ALPPS Registry. Of them, 24 (2.5%) were performed for NELM. Twenty-one patients entered the final analysis. Overall grade ≥3b morbidity was 9% after stage 1 and 27% after stage 2. Ninety-day mortality was 5%. R0 resection was achieved in 19 cases (90%) at stage 2. Median follow-up was 28 (19-48) months. Median disease free survival (DFS) was 17.3 (95% CI: 7.1-27.4) months, 1-year and 2-year DFS was 73.2% and 41.8%, respectively. Median overall survival (OS) was not reached. One-year and 2-year OS was 95.2% and 95.2%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: ALPPS appears to be a suitable strategy for inclusion in the multimodal armamentarium of well-selected patients with neuroendocrine liver metastases. In light of the morbidity in this initial series and a high rate of disease-recurrence, the procedure should be taken with caution.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Surgery is the most effective treatment option for neuroendocrine liver metastases (NELM). This study investigated the role of associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) as a novel strategy in treatment of NELM.
METHODS: The International ALPPS Registry was reviewed to study patients who underwent ALPPS for NELM.
RESULTS: From 2010 to 2017, 954 ALPPS procedures from 135 international centers were recorded in the International ALPPS Registry. Of them, 24 (2.5%) were performed for NELM. Twenty-one patients entered the final analysis. Overall grade ≥3b morbidity was 9% after stage 1 and 27% after stage 2. Ninety-day mortality was 5%. R0 resection was achieved in 19 cases (90%) at stage 2. Median follow-up was 28 (19-48) months. Median disease free survival (DFS) was 17.3 (95% CI: 7.1-27.4) months, 1-year and 2-year DFS was 73.2% and 41.8%, respectively. Median overall survival (OS) was not reached. One-year and 2-year OS was 95.2% and 95.2%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: ALPPS appears to be a suitable strategy for inclusion in the multimodal armamentarium of well-selected patients with neuroendocrine liver metastases. In light of the morbidity in this initial series and a high rate of disease-recurrence, the procedure should be taken with caution.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Hepatology, Gastroenterology
Language:English
Date:1 September 2019
Deposited On:11 Feb 2020 16:13
Last Modified:11 Feb 2020 16:13
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1365-182X
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2019.08.011

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