Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Renewable CO2 recycling and synthetic fuel production in a marine environment


Patterson, Bruce D; Mo, Frode; Borgschulte, Andreas; Hillestad, Magne; Joos, Fortunat; Kristiansen, Trygve; Sunde, Svein; van Bokhoven, Jeroen A (2019). Renewable CO2 recycling and synthetic fuel production in a marine environment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(25):12212-12219.

Abstract

A massive reduction in CO2 emissions from fossil fuel burning is required to limit the extent of global warming. However, carbon-based liquid fuels will in the foreseeable future continue to be important energy storage media. We propose a combination of largely existing technologies to use solar energy to recycle atmospheric CO2 into a liquid fuel. Our concept is clusters of marine-based floating islands, on which photovoltaic cells convert sunlight into electrical energy to produce H2 and to extract CO2 from seawater, where it is in equilibrium with the atmosphere. These gases are then reacted to form the energy carrier methanol, which is conveniently shipped to the end consumer. The present work initiates the development of this concept and highlights relevant questions in physics, chemistry, and mechanics.

Abstract

A massive reduction in CO2 emissions from fossil fuel burning is required to limit the extent of global warming. However, carbon-based liquid fuels will in the foreseeable future continue to be important energy storage media. We propose a combination of largely existing technologies to use solar energy to recycle atmospheric CO2 into a liquid fuel. Our concept is clusters of marine-based floating islands, on which photovoltaic cells convert sunlight into electrical energy to produce H2 and to extract CO2 from seawater, where it is in equilibrium with the atmosphere. These gases are then reacted to form the energy carrier methanol, which is conveniently shipped to the end consumer. The present work initiates the development of this concept and highlights relevant questions in physics, chemistry, and mechanics.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
4 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 07 Feb 2020
1 download since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:18 June 2019
Deposited On:07 Feb 2020 15:43
Last Modified:07 Feb 2020 15:45
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1902335116
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID200021_172662
  • : Project TitleUltra-High Pressure Hydride X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID200020_172476
  • : Project TitleClimate and Environmental Physics: Modeling Global Biogeochemical Cycles in the Earth System (bgcCEP)

Download

Closed Access: Download allowed only for UZH members