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Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma: A report of the Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Studiengruppe (CWS)


Abstract

BACKGROUND

Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare soft-tissue tumor with benign histologic appearance, though fully malignant behavior is possible.

METHODS

Patients with LGFMS <21 years registered in Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Studiengruppe trials until 2017 were analyzed. Firstline treatment consisted of complete surgical resection whenever possible.

RESULTS

Median age of 31 patients was 10.9 years (first month to 17.1 years). Twenty-six tumors were confirmed to the tissue of origin (T1), four invaded contiguous structures (T2), one was TX. Eight were >5 cm. The best surgical result was resection with free margins (R0) in 24 and microscopic residuals (R1) in seven. Five-year event-free (EFS), 5-year local-relapse-free (LRFS), and 5-year overall-survival were 71 ± 18.6% confidence interval (CI) 95%, 76 ± 17.6% CI 95%, and 100%, respectively. Six patients suffered local relapse in a median of 1 year, one combined within 1.3 year and one metastatic relapse with lesions in the lung, back muscles, and thigh discovered in whole-body imaging 6 years after the first diagnosis. In univariate analysis, T status correlated with EFS (T1 79.6 ± 18.6%, T2 50.0 ± 49.0%, P = .038). Resection with free margins tends to be associated with better LRFS (R0 82.4 ± 18.6%, R1 53.6 ± 39.4%, P = .053). Among 24 patients with R0 resection, five (21%) suffered relapse, thereof three local, one metastatic, and one combined. Among seven patients with R1-resection, three (43%) suffered local relapse.

CONCLUSION

Special caution is advisable in T2 tumors. The metastatic potential with lesions in unusual sites indicates that affected patients need to be informed. If long-term follow-up with whole-body imaging is beneficial, it may be addressed in larger intergroup analyses. Further research in disease biology is essential for optimal treatment and follow-up care.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare soft-tissue tumor with benign histologic appearance, though fully malignant behavior is possible.

METHODS

Patients with LGFMS <21 years registered in Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Studiengruppe trials until 2017 were analyzed. Firstline treatment consisted of complete surgical resection whenever possible.

RESULTS

Median age of 31 patients was 10.9 years (first month to 17.1 years). Twenty-six tumors were confirmed to the tissue of origin (T1), four invaded contiguous structures (T2), one was TX. Eight were >5 cm. The best surgical result was resection with free margins (R0) in 24 and microscopic residuals (R1) in seven. Five-year event-free (EFS), 5-year local-relapse-free (LRFS), and 5-year overall-survival were 71 ± 18.6% confidence interval (CI) 95%, 76 ± 17.6% CI 95%, and 100%, respectively. Six patients suffered local relapse in a median of 1 year, one combined within 1.3 year and one metastatic relapse with lesions in the lung, back muscles, and thigh discovered in whole-body imaging 6 years after the first diagnosis. In univariate analysis, T status correlated with EFS (T1 79.6 ± 18.6%, T2 50.0 ± 49.0%, P = .038). Resection with free margins tends to be associated with better LRFS (R0 82.4 ± 18.6%, R1 53.6 ± 39.4%, P = .053). Among 24 patients with R0 resection, five (21%) suffered relapse, thereof three local, one metastatic, and one combined. Among seven patients with R1-resection, three (43%) suffered local relapse.

CONCLUSION

Special caution is advisable in T2 tumors. The metastatic potential with lesions in unusual sites indicates that affected patients need to be informed. If long-term follow-up with whole-body imaging is beneficial, it may be addressed in larger intergroup analyses. Further research in disease biology is essential for optimal treatment and follow-up care.

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Additional indexing

Contributors:Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Studiengruppe (CWS)
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Health Sciences > Hematology
Health Sciences > Oncology
Language:English
Date:February 2020
Deposited On:21 Feb 2020 13:48
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 14:12
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1545-5009
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/pbc.28009
PubMed ID:31736251

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