In this prospective clinical trial the survival, success rate and patient satisfaction of ceramic laminate veneers with special interest on existing restorations, immediate dentin sealing and endodontically treated teeth was evaluated.
A total of 104 patients (mean age: 42.1 years old) received 384 feldspathic ceramic laminate veneers on maxillary anterior teeth. Veneer preparations with incisal overlap were performed using a mock up technique. Existing resin composite restorations of acceptable quality were not removed but conditioned using silica coating and silanization. Immediate dentin sealing (IDS) was applied when more than 50% of dentin was exposed during preparation. Endodontically treated teeth were not excluded. After adhesive cementation, restorations were evaluated by calibrated evaluators at baseline and final follow-up using modified USPHS criteria.
225 Laminate veneers were bonded onto teeth without existing restorations, 159 on teeth with pre-existing resin composite restorations, 87 to teeth with more than 50% of exposed dentin surface and 43 to endodontically-treated teeth. In total, 19 failures were observed in form of debonding (n = 3), fracture (n = 15) and extraction due to endodontic complications (n = 1). In teeth with more than 50% of dentin exposure, a significant increase in survival rate was observed when IDS was used (96.4% versus 81.8%). No significant difference was found between teeth with and without pre-existing composite resin restorations (84.6% versus 95.5%) or between vital and non-vital teeth (95.6% versus 88.1%). Laminate veneers luted to endontically-treated teeth had a significant mis-match in color compared to vital teeth. Patients who smoked presented with significantly more marginal discoloration, but no intervention was needed. Patients scored favorably values on the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire and were generally satisfied with the treatment. In this clinical trial, the ceramic laminate veneers had a relatively high survival rate.
Teeth with more than 50% of dentin exposure significantly benefit from IDS. Pre-existing restorations or endodontic treatments do not have an effect on the survival rate of ceramic laminate veneers. However, smoking habits and previous endodontic treatments negatively affect the success rate due to color changes.
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