Implant therapy has evolved into an important part of daily dental practice. Appropriate knowledge of diagnostic and therapeutic options with dental implant therapy is, therefore, mandatory for dental students. The present consensus paper describes the theoretical knowledge as a foundation to the teaching of implant dentistry at the undergraduate level. Students need a solid basic knowledge about biological prerequisites and clinical procedures leading to successful implant treatment and, in particular, an understanding of the importance of embedding implants into the overall treatment concept. Among others this includes aspects of bone and soft tissue integration of dental implants, as well as aspects of materials that are used in implant dentistry. The students should also be able to differentiate between low, medium and high-risk situations, which assumes that they have knowledge about a proper clinical examination. Furthermore, the students need to be able to inform the patient about the different treatment options and their advantages and disadvantages. Frequently, a choice has to be made between an FDP anchored on teeth and an implant-borne reconstruction. This is highly influenced by the long-term prognosis of the different treatment options. In order to perform implant placement in uncomplicated cases and to give appropriate patient information, adequate knowledge of surgical procedure and surgical complications is mandatory. Furthermore, the dentist needs to be competent in evaluating clinical situations and in advising patients about the suitability of the different options, e.g. removable or fixed reconstructions. It is possible that peri-implant tissue destruction may be a more common finding during long-term service of implant-borne reconstructions than was previously believed. The dentist needs knowledge about etiology and pathogenesis of peri-implantitis and should know how to provide an effective maintenance care programme. In cases of peri-implantitis the student should be knowledgeable regarding suitable interventions.