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Amygdala ensembles encode behavioral states


Gründemann, Jan; Bitterman, Yael; Lu, Tingjia; Krabbe, Sabine; Grewe, Benjamin F; Schnitzer, Mark J; Lüthi, Andreas (2019). Amygdala ensembles encode behavioral states. Science, 364(6437):eaav8736.

Abstract

Internal states, including affective or homeostatic states, are important behavioral motivators. The amygdala regulates motivated behaviors, yet how distinct states are represented in amygdala circuits is unknown. By longitudinally imaging neural calcium dynamics in freely moving mice across different environments, we identified opponent changes in activity levels of two major, nonoverlapping populations of basal amygdala principal neurons. This population signature does not report global anxiety but predicts switches between exploratory and nonexploratory, defensive states. Moreover, the amygdala separately processes external stimuli and internal states and broadcasts state information via several output pathways to larger brain networks. Our findings extend the concept of thalamocortical “brain-state” coding to include affective and exploratory states and provide an entry point into the state dependency of brain function and behavior in defined circuits.

Abstract

Internal states, including affective or homeostatic states, are important behavioral motivators. The amygdala regulates motivated behaviors, yet how distinct states are represented in amygdala circuits is unknown. By longitudinally imaging neural calcium dynamics in freely moving mice across different environments, we identified opponent changes in activity levels of two major, nonoverlapping populations of basal amygdala principal neurons. This population signature does not report global anxiety but predicts switches between exploratory and nonexploratory, defensive states. Moreover, the amygdala separately processes external stimuli and internal states and broadcasts state information via several output pathways to larger brain networks. Our findings extend the concept of thalamocortical “brain-state” coding to include affective and exploratory states and provide an entry point into the state dependency of brain function and behavior in defined circuits.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Neuroinformatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:19 April 2019
Deposited On:14 Feb 2020 10:20
Last Modified:14 Feb 2020 10:22
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science
ISSN:0036-8075
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav8736

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