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In vitro analysis of genetically distinct Chlamydia pecorum isolates reveals key growth differences in mammalian epithelial and immune cells


Islam, Md Mominul; Jelocnik, Martina; Anstey, Susan; Kaltenboeck, Bernhard; Borel, Nicole; Timms, Peter; Polkinghorne, Adam (2019). In vitro analysis of genetically distinct Chlamydia pecorum isolates reveals key growth differences in mammalian epithelial and immune cells. Veterinary Microbiology, 232:22-29.

Abstract

Chlamydia (C.) pecorum is an obligate intracellular bacterium that infects and causes disease in a broad range of animal hosts. Molecular studies have revealed that this pathogen is genetically diverse with certain isolates linked to different disease outcomes. Limited in vitro or in vivo data exist to support these observations, further hampering efforts to improve our understanding of C. pecorum pathogenesis. In this study, we evaluated whether genetically distinct C. pecorum isolates (IPA, E58, 1710S, W73, JP-1-751) display different in vitro growth phenotypes in different mammalian epithelial and immune cells. In McCoy cells, shorter lag phases were observed for W73 and JP-1-751 isolates. Significantly smaller inclusions were observed for the naturally plasmid-free E58 isolate. C. pecorum isolates of bovine (E58) and ovine origin (IPA, W73, JP-1-751) grew faster in bovine cells compared to a porcine isolate (1710S). C. pecorum isolates could infect but appear not able to complete their developmental cycle in bovine peripheral neutrophil granulocytes. All isolates, except 1710S, could multiply in bovine monocyte-derived macrophages. These results reveal potentially important phenotypic differences that will help to understand the pathogenesis of C. pecorum in vivo and to identify C. pecorum virulence factors.

Abstract

Chlamydia (C.) pecorum is an obligate intracellular bacterium that infects and causes disease in a broad range of animal hosts. Molecular studies have revealed that this pathogen is genetically diverse with certain isolates linked to different disease outcomes. Limited in vitro or in vivo data exist to support these observations, further hampering efforts to improve our understanding of C. pecorum pathogenesis. In this study, we evaluated whether genetically distinct C. pecorum isolates (IPA, E58, 1710S, W73, JP-1-751) display different in vitro growth phenotypes in different mammalian epithelial and immune cells. In McCoy cells, shorter lag phases were observed for W73 and JP-1-751 isolates. Significantly smaller inclusions were observed for the naturally plasmid-free E58 isolate. C. pecorum isolates of bovine (E58) and ovine origin (IPA, W73, JP-1-751) grew faster in bovine cells compared to a porcine isolate (1710S). C. pecorum isolates could infect but appear not able to complete their developmental cycle in bovine peripheral neutrophil granulocytes. All isolates, except 1710S, could multiply in bovine monocyte-derived macrophages. These results reveal potentially important phenotypic differences that will help to understand the pathogenesis of C. pecorum in vivo and to identify C. pecorum virulence factors.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Microbiology
Health Sciences > General Veterinary
Uncontrolled Keywords:Microbiology, General Veterinary, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 May 2019
Deposited On:12 Feb 2020 14:29
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 14:18
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0378-1135
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2019.03.024

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