This article examines the performance of the online gaming industry in Vietnam since its beginning. The findings were retrieved by analyzing the interview results with leaders and experts of notable game companies in Vietnam who know deeply and broadly about the industry, as well as officers of various administrative bodies that are directly in charge of governing online games. The main themes include the profile of those who established the industry, the game-related legal structure in Vietnam, and the endeavor of locally producing online games in Vietnam. The comments of interviewees on the future of online gaming in Vietnam are also analyzed in depth. The results retrieved from the interviews provide readers with the information regarding the development of the online gaming industry in Vietnam, which also entails a number of legal and economic challenges- those that arise in the specific post-war historical and political context.