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Glucose starvation triggers filamentous septin assemblies in anS. pombeseptin-2 deletion mutant


Liu, Minghua; Heimlicher, Maria B; Bächler, Mirjam; Ibeneche-Nnewihe, Chieze C; Florin, Ernst-Ludwig; Brunner, Damian; Hoenger, Andreas (2019). Glucose starvation triggers filamentous septin assemblies in anS. pombeseptin-2 deletion mutant. Biology Open, 8(1):bio037622.

Abstract

Using correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM), we studied the intracellular organization by of glucose-starved fission yeast cells (Schizosaccharomyces pombe) with regards to the localization of septin proteins throughout the cytoplasm. Thereby, we found that for cells carrying a deletion of the gene encoding septin-2 (spn2Δ), starvation causes a GFP-tagged version of septin-3 (spn3-GFP) and family members, to assemble into a single, prominent filamentous structure. It was previously shown that during exponential growth, spn2Δ cells form septin-3 polymers. However, the polymers we observed during exponential growth are different from the spn3p-GFP structure we observed in starved cells. Using CLEM, in combination with anti-GFP immunolabeling on plastic-sections, we could assign spn3p-GFP to the filaments we have found in EM pictures. Besides septin-3, these filamentous assemblies most likely also contain septin-1 as an RFP-tagged version of this protein forms a very similar structure in starved spn2Δ cells. Our data correlate phase-contrast and fluorescence microscopy with electron micrographs of plastic-embedded cells, and further on with detailed views of tomographic 3D reconstructions. Cryo-electron microscopy of spn2Δ cells in vitrified sections revealed a very distinct overall morphology of the spn3p-GFP assembly. The fine-structured, regular density pattern suggests the presence of assembled septin-3 filaments that are clearly different from F-actin bundles. Furthermore, we found that starvation causes substantial mitochondria fission, together with massive decoration of their outer membrane by ribosomes.

Abstract

Using correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM), we studied the intracellular organization by of glucose-starved fission yeast cells (Schizosaccharomyces pombe) with regards to the localization of septin proteins throughout the cytoplasm. Thereby, we found that for cells carrying a deletion of the gene encoding septin-2 (spn2Δ), starvation causes a GFP-tagged version of septin-3 (spn3-GFP) and family members, to assemble into a single, prominent filamentous structure. It was previously shown that during exponential growth, spn2Δ cells form septin-3 polymers. However, the polymers we observed during exponential growth are different from the spn3p-GFP structure we observed in starved cells. Using CLEM, in combination with anti-GFP immunolabeling on plastic-sections, we could assign spn3p-GFP to the filaments we have found in EM pictures. Besides septin-3, these filamentous assemblies most likely also contain septin-1 as an RFP-tagged version of this protein forms a very similar structure in starved spn2Δ cells. Our data correlate phase-contrast and fluorescence microscopy with electron micrographs of plastic-embedded cells, and further on with detailed views of tomographic 3D reconstructions. Cryo-electron microscopy of spn2Δ cells in vitrified sections revealed a very distinct overall morphology of the spn3p-GFP assembly. The fine-structured, regular density pattern suggests the presence of assembled septin-3 filaments that are clearly different from F-actin bundles. Furthermore, we found that starvation causes substantial mitochondria fission, together with massive decoration of their outer membrane by ribosomes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Language:English
Date:15 January 2019
Deposited On:18 Feb 2020 10:02
Last Modified:22 Apr 2020 23:10
Publisher:The Company of Biologists Ltd.
ISSN:2046-6390
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1242/bio.037622

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