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Investigating the FOOT-STRUT distinction in Northern Englishes using crowdsourced data


Strycharczuk, Patjcia; Brown, Georgina; Leemann, Adrian; Britain, David (2019). Investigating the FOOT-STRUT distinction in Northern Englishes using crowdsourced data. In: 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia, 5 August 2019 - 9 August 2019, 1337-1341.

Abstract

The FOOT and STRUT lexical sets did not undergo a historical split in the North of England, and these vowels are said to remain a single phoneme for present day Northern English speakers. However, several sources report variation in this respect. We analyse this variation in production, using acoustic analysis of crowdsourced data from 141 speakers of seven Northern English urban dialects. 36 speakers in our sample show a categorical distinction between FOOT and STRUT. Highly mobile speakers are more likely to have this distinction, compared to speakers with low mobility. A categorical split is also more likely in speakers from Newcastle, compared to several other cities. While we find no evidence that FOOT and STRUT vowels are splitting in the North, we discuss how the observed variation may contribute to the presence of marginal contrasts.

Abstract

The FOOT and STRUT lexical sets did not undergo a historical split in the North of England, and these vowels are said to remain a single phoneme for present day Northern English speakers. However, several sources report variation in this respect. We analyse this variation in production, using acoustic analysis of crowdsourced data from 141 speakers of seven Northern English urban dialects. 36 speakers in our sample show a categorical distinction between FOOT and STRUT. Highly mobile speakers are more likely to have this distinction, compared to speakers with low mobility. A categorical split is also more likely in speakers from Newcastle, compared to several other cities. While we find no evidence that FOOT and STRUT vowels are splitting in the North, we discuss how the observed variation may contribute to the presence of marginal contrasts.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of German Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:430 German & related languages
Language:English
Event End Date:9 August 2019
Deposited On:15 Feb 2020 14:02
Last Modified:18 Feb 2020 20:30
Publisher:ICPhS2019
ISBN:978-0-646-80069-1
OA Status:Green
Official URL:https://assta.org/proceedings/ICPhS2019/

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