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Child penalties across countries: evidence and explanations


Kleven, Henrik; Landais, Camille; Posch, Johanna; Steinhauer, Andreas; Zweimüller, Josef (2019). Child penalties across countries: evidence and explanations. AEA Papers and Proceedings, 109:122-126.

Abstract

This paper provides evidence on child penalties in female and male earnings in different countries. The estimates are based on event studies around the birth of the first child, using the specification proposed by Kleven et al. (2018). The analysis reveals some striking similarities in the qualitative effects of children across countries, but also sharp differences in the magnitude of the effects. We discuss the potential role of family policies (parental leave and childcare provision) and gender norms in explaining the observed differences.

Abstract

This paper provides evidence on child penalties in female and male earnings in different countries. The estimates are based on event studies around the birth of the first child, using the specification proposed by Kleven et al. (2018). The analysis reveals some striking similarities in the qualitative effects of children across countries, but also sharp differences in the magnitude of the effects. We discuss the potential role of family policies (parental leave and childcare provision) and gender norms in explaining the observed differences.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:May 2019
Deposited On:14 Feb 2020 11:13
Last Modified:14 Feb 2020 11:15
Publisher:American Economic Association
ISSN:2574-0768
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1257/pandp.20191078
Related URLs:https://www.openicpsr.org/openicpsr/project/114526/version/V1/view

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