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Incidence and management of complications after neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy for malignant pleural mesothelioma


Opitz, I; Kestenholz, P; Lardinois, D; Müller, M; Rousson, V; Schneiter, D; Stahel, R; Weder, W (2006). Incidence and management of complications after neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy for malignant pleural mesothelioma. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 29(4):579-584.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and management of postoperative complications after neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy for malignant pleural mesothelioma. METHODS: Patients with histologically proven mesothelioma of clinical stages T1-3, N0-2, M0 and considered to be completely resectable received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (cisplatin+gemcitabine or cisplatin+pemetrexed) followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy and postoperative radiotherapy. The incidence and management of postoperative complications in general and of bronchopleural fistula and postpneumonectomy-empyema in particular were analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed to identify prognostic factors [sex, age, side of operation, weight loss, smoking, chemotherapy, EORTC-score (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-classification) and duration of operation]. RESULTS: Between 1st May 1999 and 15th August 2005, 63 patients underwent complete extrapleural pneumonectomy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Postoperative complications were observed in 39 cases (62%) and 2 patients died within 30 days (3.2%). Postpneumonectomy-empyema occurred in 15.8% of the patients (n=10), six with a bronchopleural fistula on the right side. All empyemas were treated successfully. Five patients developed chylothorax (7.9%) and four patients had complications due to a patch failure: cardiac herniation (n=2), restriction of cardiac output (n=1) or gastric herniation (n=1). Patients with higher EORTC-score presented significantly more postoperative complications (p=0.03). A longer duration of surgery tended to be associated with a higher incidence of postoperative complications, especially of empyemas. CONCLUSIONS: Extrapleural pneumonectomy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy can be performed with mortality rates comparable to standard pneumonectomies. Complications are frequent but can be successfully managed; the EORTC-score seems to be a predictor for postoperative complications.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and management of postoperative complications after neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy for malignant pleural mesothelioma. METHODS: Patients with histologically proven mesothelioma of clinical stages T1-3, N0-2, M0 and considered to be completely resectable received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (cisplatin+gemcitabine or cisplatin+pemetrexed) followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy and postoperative radiotherapy. The incidence and management of postoperative complications in general and of bronchopleural fistula and postpneumonectomy-empyema in particular were analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed to identify prognostic factors [sex, age, side of operation, weight loss, smoking, chemotherapy, EORTC-score (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-classification) and duration of operation]. RESULTS: Between 1st May 1999 and 15th August 2005, 63 patients underwent complete extrapleural pneumonectomy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Postoperative complications were observed in 39 cases (62%) and 2 patients died within 30 days (3.2%). Postpneumonectomy-empyema occurred in 15.8% of the patients (n=10), six with a bronchopleural fistula on the right side. All empyemas were treated successfully. Five patients developed chylothorax (7.9%) and four patients had complications due to a patch failure: cardiac herniation (n=2), restriction of cardiac output (n=1) or gastric herniation (n=1). Patients with higher EORTC-score presented significantly more postoperative complications (p=0.03). A longer duration of surgery tended to be associated with a higher incidence of postoperative complications, especially of empyemas. CONCLUSIONS: Extrapleural pneumonectomy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy can be performed with mortality rates comparable to standard pneumonectomies. Complications are frequent but can be successfully managed; the EORTC-score seems to be a predictor for postoperative complications.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2006
Deposited On:15 May 2009 12:36
Last Modified:29 Aug 2018 15:54
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcts.2006.01.015
PubMed ID:16495068

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