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Is it all about depression? Determinants of burnout among employees referred for inpatient treatment of job-related stress disorders


Schwarzkopf, Kathleen; Straus, Doris; Porschke, Hildburg; Znoj, Hansjörg; von Känel, Roland (2019). Is it all about depression? Determinants of burnout among employees referred for inpatient treatment of job-related stress disorders. Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, 65(2):183-197.

Abstract

Objectives: There is an ongoing debate as to whether job burnout and depression are overlapping concepts or differ from each other, although this has not been scrutinized in inpatients. To further elucidate the robustness of this relationship, we used three different measurements of depression. We further examined the influence of psychological distress, perceived stress and sleep quality in the link between depressive symptoms and burnout. Methods: We investigated 723 consecutive inpatients, aged 23 to 82 years, 51.2 % women, referred to a hospital specialized in the treatment of job stress-related disorders. Patients completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Results: We found significant correlations between burnout total scores as well as subscales (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, lack of accomplishment) and depressive symptoms, virtually independent of the applied depression measure. The shared variance ranged between 1.1 % and 19.4 %. Greater levels of burnout were directly associated with cognitiveaffective symptoms and, although to a lesser extent, also with somatic-affective symptoms of depression. In the multivariable analysis, significantly more total burnout symptoms were revealed in more depressed and younger patients, in men than women, and in employees with greater levels of psychological distress and perceived stress, respectively. Conclusions: The findings suggest that although burnout and depression do not represent the same psychopathology, there is considerable overlap between the two constructs; the extent of this overlap may vary depending upon the applied depression measure.

Abstract

Objectives: There is an ongoing debate as to whether job burnout and depression are overlapping concepts or differ from each other, although this has not been scrutinized in inpatients. To further elucidate the robustness of this relationship, we used three different measurements of depression. We further examined the influence of psychological distress, perceived stress and sleep quality in the link between depressive symptoms and burnout. Methods: We investigated 723 consecutive inpatients, aged 23 to 82 years, 51.2 % women, referred to a hospital specialized in the treatment of job stress-related disorders. Patients completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Brief Symptom Inventory, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Results: We found significant correlations between burnout total scores as well as subscales (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, lack of accomplishment) and depressive symptoms, virtually independent of the applied depression measure. The shared variance ranged between 1.1 % and 19.4 %. Greater levels of burnout were directly associated with cognitiveaffective symptoms and, although to a lesser extent, also with somatic-affective symptoms of depression. In the multivariable analysis, significantly more total burnout symptoms were revealed in more depressed and younger patients, in men than women, and in employees with greater levels of psychological distress and perceived stress, respectively. Conclusions: The findings suggest that although burnout and depression do not represent the same psychopathology, there is considerable overlap between the two constructs; the extent of this overlap may vary depending upon the applied depression measure.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Klinik für Konsiliarpsychiatrie und Psychosomatik
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:3 June 2019
Deposited On:18 Feb 2020 15:12
Last Modified:23 Feb 2020 07:01
Publisher:Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISSN:1438-3608
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.13109/zptm.2019.65.2.183
PubMed ID:31154931

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