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Enforcing political loyalties in local elections: an ethnographic account from Punjab


Martin, Nicolas (2020). Enforcing political loyalties in local elections: an ethnographic account from Punjab. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 58(1):63-81.

Abstract

Ethnographic studies from the decades after Indian independence showed how subordinate castes once delivered their votes to upper caste patrons in exchange for patronage, credit and employment, and out of a sense of hierarchical deference. Literature on rural India suggests that such relations of dominance, and the vote banks associated with them, are a thing of the past, not least because the secret vote has enabled the lower castes to vote against their dominant caste patrons without fear of retaliation. While acknowledging broader shifts in power, this paper on local elections illustrates the persistent but shifting contours of vote-bank politics.

Abstract

Ethnographic studies from the decades after Indian independence showed how subordinate castes once delivered their votes to upper caste patrons in exchange for patronage, credit and employment, and out of a sense of hierarchical deference. Literature on rural India suggests that such relations of dominance, and the vote banks associated with them, are a thing of the past, not least because the secret vote has enabled the lower castes to vote against their dominant caste patrons without fear of retaliation. While acknowledging broader shifts in power, this paper on local elections illustrates the persistent but shifting contours of vote-bank politics.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Asian and Oriental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:180 Ancient, medieval & eastern philosophy
290 Other religions
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Sociology and Political Science
Social Sciences & Humanities > Political Science and International Relations
Uncontrolled Keywords:Political Science and International Relations, Sociology and Political Science
Language:English
Date:2 January 2020
Deposited On:25 Feb 2020 10:05
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 14:42
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1466-2043
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/14662043.2020.1700019

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