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Democracy and Discrimination: Comparing Caste-Based Politics in Indian and Pakistani Punjab


Javid, Hassan; Martin, Nicolas (2020). Democracy and Discrimination: Comparing Caste-Based Politics in Indian and Pakistani Punjab. South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, 43(1):136-151.

Abstract

Drawing on fieldwork conducted in Indian and Pakistani Punjab, this paper focuses on how, despite membership in or conversion to majority religious communities, former untouchables in both countries continue to experience caste-based discrimination. In India, a rights-based idiom for caste politics is limited by fragmentation within the Dalit community and the compromises required by electoral politics, while the imposition of a totalising Islamic identity by the state has resulted in the erasure of caste from the political discourse in Pakistan. This paper suggests that class-based mobilisation may be a better route to Dalit empowerment on both sides of the border.

Abstract

Drawing on fieldwork conducted in Indian and Pakistani Punjab, this paper focuses on how, despite membership in or conversion to majority religious communities, former untouchables in both countries continue to experience caste-based discrimination. In India, a rights-based idiom for caste politics is limited by fragmentation within the Dalit community and the compromises required by electoral politics, while the imposition of a totalising Islamic identity by the state has resulted in the erasure of caste from the political discourse in Pakistan. This paper suggests that class-based mobilisation may be a better route to Dalit empowerment on both sides of the border.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Asian and Oriental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:180 Ancient, medieval & eastern philosophy
290 Other religions
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Cultural Studies
Social Sciences & Humanities > History
Social Sciences & Humanities > Development
Social Sciences & Humanities > Sociology and Political Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Development, Cultural Studies, Sociology and Political Science, History
Language:English
Date:2 January 2020
Deposited On:25 Feb 2020 10:06
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 14:42
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/00856401.2020.1691831

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