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Longitudinal changes of cardiac troponin and inflammation reflect progressive myocyte stretch and likelihood for hypertension in a Black male cohort: The SABPA study


Jansen van Vuren, Esmé; Malan, Leoné; von Känel, Roland; Lammertyn, Leandi; Cockeran, Marike; Malan, Nicolaas T (2019). Longitudinal changes of cardiac troponin and inflammation reflect progressive myocyte stretch and likelihood for hypertension in a Black male cohort: The SABPA study. Hypertension Research, 42(5):708-716.

Abstract

Inflammation was cross-sectionally associated with subclinical wall remodeling and hypertension. Whether longitudinal changes (∆) in inflammation, myocyte injury (troponin T), and stretch (N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) are associated with hypertension and ECG left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) is unclear. The first prospective analysis in Africa assessing these associations included a cohort of Black and White teachers (N = 338; aged 20-63 years). Fasting blood samples were obtained to measure tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Ambulatory blood pressure, 2-lead ECG and resting 10-lead ECG values were obtained. A higher mean hypertensive status (62%) was evident in Blacks compared to Whites (44%, p < 0.001). Over 3-years, NT-proBNP increased in both ethnic groups. No associations were evident in women or in White men. In Black men, ECG-LVH at follow-up was positively associated with baseline cTnT (Adj R2 0.43; β = 0.48; 95% CI 0.28-0.68, p < 0.001) and baseline SBP (Adj R2 0.43; β = 0.29; 95% CI 0.09-0.49, p = 0.006). In Black men, baseline TNF-α (OR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.05-2.14, p = 0.03) and decreased ΔTNF-α (OR = 2.07, 95% CI 1.26-3.40, p = 0.004) increased the likelihood for cTnT levels ≥ 4.2 ng/L. Here, baseline NT-proBNP (OR = 1.12, 95% CI 1.01-1.23, p = 0.03) and ΔNT-proBNP progression (OR = 1.09, 95% CI 1.00-1.81, p = 0.04) increased the likelihood for 24-h hypertension. In conclusion, chronically increased levels of markers of myocyte injury accompanied by progressive myocardial stretch, reflective of cardiac metabolic overdemand, may ultimately increase hypertension and ischemic heart disease risk in a cohort of Black males.

Abstract

Inflammation was cross-sectionally associated with subclinical wall remodeling and hypertension. Whether longitudinal changes (∆) in inflammation, myocyte injury (troponin T), and stretch (N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) are associated with hypertension and ECG left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) is unclear. The first prospective analysis in Africa assessing these associations included a cohort of Black and White teachers (N = 338; aged 20-63 years). Fasting blood samples were obtained to measure tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). Ambulatory blood pressure, 2-lead ECG and resting 10-lead ECG values were obtained. A higher mean hypertensive status (62%) was evident in Blacks compared to Whites (44%, p < 0.001). Over 3-years, NT-proBNP increased in both ethnic groups. No associations were evident in women or in White men. In Black men, ECG-LVH at follow-up was positively associated with baseline cTnT (Adj R2 0.43; β = 0.48; 95% CI 0.28-0.68, p < 0.001) and baseline SBP (Adj R2 0.43; β = 0.29; 95% CI 0.09-0.49, p = 0.006). In Black men, baseline TNF-α (OR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.05-2.14, p = 0.03) and decreased ΔTNF-α (OR = 2.07, 95% CI 1.26-3.40, p = 0.004) increased the likelihood for cTnT levels ≥ 4.2 ng/L. Here, baseline NT-proBNP (OR = 1.12, 95% CI 1.01-1.23, p = 0.03) and ΔNT-proBNP progression (OR = 1.09, 95% CI 1.00-1.81, p = 0.04) increased the likelihood for 24-h hypertension. In conclusion, chronically increased levels of markers of myocyte injury accompanied by progressive myocardial stretch, reflective of cardiac metabolic overdemand, may ultimately increase hypertension and ischemic heart disease risk in a cohort of Black males.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Klinik für Konsiliarpsychiatrie und Psychosomatik
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Internal Medicine, Physiology, Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 May 2019
Deposited On:20 Feb 2020 10:25
Last Modified:10 Mar 2020 16:53
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0916-9636
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41440-018-0183-5
PubMed ID:30626934

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