Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Biomechanical comparison of knotted and knotless stabilization techniques of the tarsal medial collateral ligament in cats: a cadaveric study


Luescher, Muriel; Schmierer, Philipp A; Park, Brian H; Pozzi, Antonio; Gutbrod, Andreas; Evans, Rich; Knell, Sebastian Christoph (2020). Biomechanical comparison of knotted and knotless stabilization techniques of the tarsal medial collateral ligament in cats: a cadaveric study. Veterinary Surgery, 49(2):390-400.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare mechanical properties of intact feline medial collateral ligaments and three techniques for treatment of feline medial tarsal instability.
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study.
SAMPLE POPULATION: Forty-eight normal, adult feline tarsi.
METHODS: Three repairs were tested: a bone tunnel with polypropylene (PP) suture, a bone tunnel with polyethylene (PE) cord, and a knotless anchor technique with PE cord. A cyclic (6-N preload; 5-N amplitude; 2-Hz frequency) tensile test (600 cycles) was performed on feline tarsi with either the long or the short medial tarsal ligament intact, with each reconstruction technique followed by a single-cycle load-to-failure test (0.5 mm/s) with a failure point at 2 mm of displacement. Total elongation, peak-to-peak elongation, stiffness, and maximum load to failure point were compared with the intact condition.
RESULTS: No differences in stiffness, total elongation, or peak-to-peak elongation were found between specimens repaired with the knotless technique and intact controls (P > .04), whereas tarsi repaired with the tunnel technique and PP were weaker (P < .008). Total and conditioning elongation were greater after tunnel reconstruction with PP than after knotless reconstruction (P = .005). Mean load to 2 mm of displacement tended (P = .03) to be higher after knotless than after knotted PP repairs and did not differ (P = .47) between tarsi repaired with the tunnel or anchor repairs with PE.
CONCLUSION: The mechanical properties of intact tarsi were superior to those of tarsi repaired with tunnel techniques and PP but were similar to those of tarsi repaired with knotless techniques with PE.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Feline tarsal stabilization with the knotless technique for tarsal medial collateral ligament insufficiency may reduce the requirement for or duration of postoperative coaptation.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare mechanical properties of intact feline medial collateral ligaments and three techniques for treatment of feline medial tarsal instability.
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study.
SAMPLE POPULATION: Forty-eight normal, adult feline tarsi.
METHODS: Three repairs were tested: a bone tunnel with polypropylene (PP) suture, a bone tunnel with polyethylene (PE) cord, and a knotless anchor technique with PE cord. A cyclic (6-N preload; 5-N amplitude; 2-Hz frequency) tensile test (600 cycles) was performed on feline tarsi with either the long or the short medial tarsal ligament intact, with each reconstruction technique followed by a single-cycle load-to-failure test (0.5 mm/s) with a failure point at 2 mm of displacement. Total elongation, peak-to-peak elongation, stiffness, and maximum load to failure point were compared with the intact condition.
RESULTS: No differences in stiffness, total elongation, or peak-to-peak elongation were found between specimens repaired with the knotless technique and intact controls (P > .04), whereas tarsi repaired with the tunnel technique and PP were weaker (P < .008). Total and conditioning elongation were greater after tunnel reconstruction with PP than after knotless reconstruction (P = .005). Mean load to 2 mm of displacement tended (P = .03) to be higher after knotless than after knotted PP repairs and did not differ (P = .47) between tarsi repaired with the tunnel or anchor repairs with PE.
CONCLUSION: The mechanical properties of intact tarsi were superior to those of tarsi repaired with tunnel techniques and PP but were similar to those of tarsi repaired with knotless techniques with PE.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Feline tarsal stabilization with the knotless technique for tarsal medial collateral ligament insufficiency may reduce the requirement for or duration of postoperative coaptation.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 20 Feb 2020
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:February 2020
Deposited On:20 Feb 2020 11:35
Last Modified:20 Feb 2020 11:35
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0161-3499
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13366
PubMed ID:31849076

Download

Closed Access: Download allowed only for UZH members