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Normal host prion protein (PrPC) is required for scrapie spread within the central nervous system.


Brandner, S; Raeber, A; Sailer, A; Blättler, T; Fischer, Marek; Weissmann, C; Aguzzi, Adriano (1996). Normal host prion protein (PrPC) is required for scrapie spread within the central nervous system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 93(23):13148-13151.

Abstract

Mice devoid of PrPC (Prnp%) are resistant to scrapie and do not allow propagation of the infectious agent (prion). PrPC-expressing neuroectodermal tissue grafted into Prnp% brains but not the surrounding tissue consistently exhibits scrapie-specific pathology and allows prion replication after inoculation. Scrapie prions administered intraocularly into wild-type mice spread efficiently to the central nervous system within 16 weeks. To determine whether PrPC is required for scrapie spread, we inoculated prions intraocularly into Prnp% mice containing a PrP-overexpressing neurograft. Neither encephalopathy nor protease-resistant PrP (PrPSc) were detected in the grafts for up to 66 weeks. Because grafted PrP-expressing cells elicited an immune response that might have interfered with prion spread, we generated Prnp% mice immunotolerant to PrP and engrafted them with PrP-producing neuroectodermal tissue. Again, intraocular inoculation did not lead to disease in the PrP-producing graft. These results demonstrate that PrP is necessary for prion spread along neural pathways.

Abstract

Mice devoid of PrPC (Prnp%) are resistant to scrapie and do not allow propagation of the infectious agent (prion). PrPC-expressing neuroectodermal tissue grafted into Prnp% brains but not the surrounding tissue consistently exhibits scrapie-specific pathology and allows prion replication after inoculation. Scrapie prions administered intraocularly into wild-type mice spread efficiently to the central nervous system within 16 weeks. To determine whether PrPC is required for scrapie spread, we inoculated prions intraocularly into Prnp% mice containing a PrP-overexpressing neurograft. Neither encephalopathy nor protease-resistant PrP (PrPSc) were detected in the grafts for up to 66 weeks. Because grafted PrP-expressing cells elicited an immune response that might have interfered with prion spread, we generated Prnp% mice immunotolerant to PrP and engrafted them with PrP-producing neuroectodermal tissue. Again, intraocular inoculation did not lead to disease in the PrP-producing graft. These results demonstrate that PrP is necessary for prion spread along neural pathways.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:12 November 1996
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:26
Last Modified:20 Jul 2021 10:57
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.23.13148
Related URLs:http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/93/23/13148
PubMed ID:8917559

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